Morishima T, Watanabe K, Niwa A, Hirai H, Saida S, Tanaka T, Kato I, Umeda K, Hiramatsu H, Saito MK, Matsubara K, Adachi S, Kobayashi M, Nakahata T, Heike T.
HAX1 was identified as the gene responsible for the autosomal recessive type of severe congenital neutropenia. However, the connection between mutations in the HAX1 gene and defective granulopoiesis in this disease has remained unclear, mainly due to the lack of a useful experimental model for this disease. In this study, we generated induced pluripotent stem cell lines from a patient presenting for severe congenital neutropenia with HAX1 gene deficiency, and analyzed their in vitro neutrophil differentiation potential by using a novel serum- and feeder-free directed differentiation culture system. Cytostaining and flow cytometric analyses of myeloid cells differentiated from patient-derived induced pluripotent stem cells showed arrest at the myeloid progenitor stage and apoptotic predisposition, both of which replicated abnormal granulopoiesis. Moreover, lentiviral transduction of the HAX1 cDNA into patient-derived induced pluripotent stem cells reversed disease-related abnormal granulopoiesis. This in vitro neutrophil differentiation system, which uses patient-derived induced pluripotent stem cells for disease investigation, may serve as a novel experimental model and a platform for high-throughput screening of drugs for various congenital neutrophil disorders in the future.