RRC ID 38853
Author Wang DS, Yamazaki K, Nohtomi K, Shizume K, Ohsumi K, Shibuya M, Demura H, Sato K.
Title Increase of vascular endothelial growth factor mRNA expression by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 in human osteoblast-like cells.
Journal J Bone Miner Res
Abstract Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a secreted endothelial cell-specific mitogen, is produced in endocrine organs and regulated by trophic hormones. Because angiogenesis and osteogenesis are closely regulated, we studied whether human osteoblast-like cells produce VEGF, and if so, what factors regulate VEGF mRNA expression. Human osteoblast-like cells (HObLC) derived from trabecular bone explants were cultured in alpha-MEM supplemented with 10% fetal calf serum. Northern blot analysis revealed that HObLC expressed VEGF mRNA, as did several human osteosarcoma cells. 1,25-(OH)2D3 increased the steady-state levels of VEGF mRNA in a time- and concentration-dependent manner in HObLC and one of the osteosarcoma cell lines, SaOS-2, accompanied by an increase in the concentration of immunoreactive VEGF in the conditioned medium. PTH and IGF-I also increased the level of VEGF mRNA in HObLC and SaOS-2 cells. Furthermore, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol ester stimulated VEGF mRNA in a time-and concentration-dependent manner. The VEGF mRNA expression induced by 1,25-(OH)2D3 was completely inhibited by H-7, but only partially by staurosporine. We have demonstrated that PTH, IGF-I, and most potently 1,25-(OH)2D3 stimulate the mRNA expression and secretion of VEGF in human osteoblast-like cells, suggesting that one of the anabolic effects of 1,25-(OH)2D3 on skeletal tissue may be mediated by VEGF produced by osteoblasts.
Volume 11(4)
Pages 472-9
Published 1996-4
DOI 10.1002/jbmr.5650110408
PMID 8992878
MeSH Autoradiography Blotting, Northern Bone Neoplasms / genetics Bone Neoplasms / pathology Calcitriol / pharmacology* Cells, Cultured Dose-Response Relationship, Drug Endothelial Growth Factors / genetics* Endothelial Growth Factors / metabolism Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / drug effects Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / genetics Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenases / metabolism Humans Insulin-Like Growth Factor I / pharmacology Lymphokines / genetics* Lymphokines / metabolism Osteoblasts / cytology Osteoblasts / drug effects* Osteoblasts / metabolism Osteosarcoma / genetics Osteosarcoma / pathology Parathyroid Hormone / pharmacology RNA, Messenger / genetics RNA, Messenger / metabolism* Tumor Cells, Cultured Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors
IF 5.711
Times Cited 114
Human and Animal Cells