RRC ID 3898
Author Zhu Y, Saraike T, Yamamoto Y, Hagita H, Takumi S, Murai K.
Title orf260cra, a novel mitochondrial gene, is associated with the homeotic transformation of stamens into pistil-like structures (pistillody) in alloplasmic wheat.
Journal Plant Cell Physiol.
Abstract Homeotic transformation of stamens into pistil-like structures (pistillody) can occur in cytoplasmic substitution (alloplasmic) lines of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) that have the cytoplasm of the related species, Aegilops crassa. Previously we showed that pistillody results from altered patterns of expression of class B MADS-box genes mediated by mitochondrial gene(s) in the Ae. crassa cytoplasm. The wheat cultivar Chinese Spring does not show pistillody when Ae. crassa cytoplasm is introduced. The absence of an effect is due to a single dominant gene (designated Rfd1) located on the long arm of chromosome 7B. To identify the mitochondrial gene involved in pistillody induction, we performed a subtraction analysis using cDNAs derived from young spikes of a pistillody line and a normal line. We found that mitochondrial cDNA clone R04 was abundant in the young spikes of the pistillody line but was down-regulated in the normal line that carried nuclear Rfd1. Sequencing of the full-length cDNA corresponding to clone R04 showed that two genes were present, cox I (cytochrome c oxidase subunit I) and orf260(cra). orf260(cra) shows high sequence similarity to orf256, the T. timopheevii mitochondrial gene responsible for cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS). orf260(cra) was also present in the cytoplasms of Ae. juvenalis and Ae. vavilovii, which induce pistillody, but not in the cytoplasms of other species not associated with pistillody. Furthermore, Western blot analysis revealed that the ORF260cra protein was more abundant in the pistillody line than in the normal line. We suggest therefore that orf260(cra) is associated with pistillody induction.
Volume 49(11)
Pages 1723-33
Published 2008-11
DOI 10.1093/pcp/pcn143
PII pcn143
PMID 18794174
MeSH Amino Acid Sequence Cytoplasm / genetics Cytoplasm / metabolism DNA, Complementary / genetics DNA, Mitochondrial / genetics Flowers / genetics Flowers / growth & development* Gene Expression Regulation, Plant Genes, Mitochondrial Genes, Plant Mitochondria / genetics Mitochondrial Proteins / genetics Mitochondrial Proteins / metabolism* Molecular Sequence Data Open Reading Frames Phylogeny Plant Proteins / genetics Plant Proteins / metabolism* RNA, Plant / genetics Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction Sequence Alignment Sequence Analysis, Protein Triticum / genetics* Triticum / growth & development
IF 4.059
Times Cited 15
Wheat LPGKU2039(CS Ditelosomic 7BS) Ae. tauschii Ae. cylindrica Ae. speltoides Ae. crassa Ae. juvenalis Ae. vavilovii T. timopheevii T. aestivum T. dicoccum and T. dicoccoides