RRC ID 39246
Author Chen M, Shirai M, Liu Z, Arichi T, Takahashi H, Nishioka M.
Title Efficient class II major histocompatibility complex presentation of endogenously synthesized hepatitis C virus core protein by Epstein-Barr virus-transformed B-lymphoblastoid cell lines to CD4(+) T cells.
Journal J. Virol.
Abstract The induction of an efficient CD4(+) T-cell response against hepatitis C virus (HCV) is critical for control of the chronicity of HCV infection. The ability of HCV structural protein endogenously expressed in an antigen-presenting cell (APC) to be presented by class II major histocompatibility complex molecules to CD4(+) T cells was investigated by in vitro culture analyses using HCV core-specific T-cell lines and autologous Epstein-Barr virus-transformed B-lymphoblastoid cell lines (B-LCLs) expressing structural HCV antigens. The T- and B-cell lines were generated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells derived from HCV-infected patients. Expression and intracellular localization of core protein in transfected cells were determined by immunoblotting and immunofluorescence. By stimulation with autologous B-LCLs expressing viral antigens, strong T-cell proliferative responses were induced in two of three patients, while no substantial stimulatory effects were produced by B-LCLs expressing a control protein (chloramphenicol acetyltransferase) or by B-LCLs alone. The results showed that transfected B cells presented mainly endogenously synthesized core peptides. Presentation of secreted antigens from adjacent antigen-expressing cells was not enough to stimulate a core-specific T-cell response. Only weak T-cell proliferative responses were generated by stimulation with B-LCLs that had been pulsed beforehand with at least a 10-fold-higher amount of transfected COS cells in the form of cell lysate, suggesting that presentation of antigens released from dead cells in the B-LCL cultures had a minimal role. Titrating numbers of APCs, we showed that as few as 10(4) transfected B-LCL APCs were sufficient to stimulate T cells. This presentation pathway was found to be leupeptin sensitive, and it can be blocked by antibody to HLA class II (DR). In addition, expression of a costimulatory signal by B7/BB1 on B cells was essential for T-cell activation.
Volume 72(10)
Pages 8301-8
Published 1998-10
PMID 9733874
PMC PMC110194
MeSH Animals Antigen-Presenting Cells / immunology B-Lymphocytes / immunology* CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes / immunology* COS Cells Cell Division / immunology Cell Line, Transformed Chloramphenicol O-Acetyltransferase / genetics Genes, Viral Herpesvirus 4, Human / physiology* Histocompatibility Antigens Class II / immunology* Leupeptins / immunology Viral Core Proteins / immunology* Viral Structural Proteins / genetics
IF 4.368
Times Cited 29
Human and Animal Cells