RRC ID 39816
Author Matsushima-Hibiya Y, Watanabe M, Kono T, Kanazawa T, Koyama K, Sugimura T, Wakabayashi K.
Title Purification and cloning of pierisin-2, an apoptosis-inducing protein from the cabbage butterfly, Pieris brassicae.
Journal Eur J Biochem
Abstract The cabbage butterfly Pieris rapae contains a strong apoptosis-inducing substance, pierisin, against human cancer cell lines, which is thought to act via ADP-ribosylation. Here we report the purification and cloning of an apoptosis-inducing substance, designated as pierisin-2, from another cabbage butterfly, Pieris brassicae. Pierisin-2 was purified from pupae by sequential chromatography and its cytotoxic and apoptosis-inducing activities to various cancer cells were similar to those of pierisin, designated as pierisin-1, from P. rapae. cDNA cloning of pierisin-2 was performed on the basis of the partial amino-acid sequence. The nucleotide sequence indicated that the cDNA encodes an 850-amino-acid protein with a calculated molecular mass of 97 986. The deduced amino-acid sequence of pierisin-2 was 91% identical with that of pierisin-1. In vitro expressed protein in the reticulocyte lysate exhibited apoptosis-inducing activities against human gastric carcinoma TMK-1 and cervical carcinoma HeLa cells, similar to the purified native pierisin-2 from the pupae. Pierisin-2 shows regional sequence similarities with certain ADP-ribosylating toxins such as the A-subunit of cholera toxin. The results from site-directed mutagenesis at Glu165, a conserved residue among ADP-ribosylating enzymes necessary for NAD binding, and from experiments with ADP-ribosylating enzyme inhibitors suggested that pierisin-2 could be considered as an ADP-ribosylating toxin like pierisin-1.
Volume 267(18)
Pages 5742-50
Published 2000-9
DOI 10.1046/j.1432-1327.2000.01640.x
PII ejb1640
PMID 10971585
MeSH ADP Ribose Transferases Amino Acid Sequence Animals Apoptosis* / drug effects Base Sequence Benzamides / pharmacology Butterflies / chemistry Cloning, Molecular DNA, Complementary / metabolism Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel HeLa Cells Humans Inhibitory Concentration 50 Insect Proteins / chemistry Insect Proteins / genetics Insect Proteins / isolation & purification* Insect Proteins / metabolism Insect Proteins / pharmacology Mice Microscopy, Fluorescence Molecular Sequence Data Mutagenesis, Site-Directed Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors Sequence Homology, Amino Acid Species Specificity Tumor Cells, Cultured U937 Cells
Times Cited 30
Human and Animal Cells