RRC ID 41352
Author Fujieda M, Takao N, Kiriu M, Mizuochi S, Kaneki H, Ide H.
Title Age-dependent decline in bone nodule formation stimulating activity in rat serum is mainly due to the change in the corticosterone level.
Journal J. Cell. Biochem.
Abstract The replacement of fetal bovine serum with rat serum in a culture medium brought about a marked increase in the formation of mineralized bone nodules (BN) in primary cultures of rat calvarial cells. These effects of rat serum were most prominent when added during the early phase of the culture, indicating that the serum factor mainly acts on the cells during the growing phase. A significant increase in BN formation was observable at final rat serum concentration as low as 1%, and the effect was dependent on serum concentration, at least up to 10%. The addition of rat serum also increased alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, collagen synthesis, and DNA synthesis in calvarial cells. BN formation stimulating activity was extractable with ethyl acetate. The ethyl acetate extract was purified by TSK-GEL OH-120 column chromatography by monitoring the stimulation of ALP activity in ROS 17/2.8 cells. The chromatographic behavior of the ALP activity was found to be identical to that of corticosterone, the major glucocorticoid in rodents and the preincubation of the purified fraction with anticorticosterone antibody abolished the ALP stimulating activity. These results suggest that BN formation stimulating activity in rat serum is mainly attributable to corticosterone. The concentration of serum corticosterone decreased with age in parallel with BN formation stimulating activity, which suggests that the physiological level of corticosterone may have a regulatory role in the maintenance of osteoblast function.
Volume 81(3)
Pages 547-56
Published 2001
PII 10.1002/1097-4644(20010601)81:3<547::AID-JCB1068>3.0.CO;2-Z
PMID 11255237
MeSH Aging / blood* Animals Bone and Bones / cytology* Cells, Cultured Corticosterone / blood* Female Radioimmunoassay Rats Rats, Wistar
IF 3.448
Times Cited 2
Human and Animal Cells