RRC ID 43542
Author Matsumoto T, Shiva D, Kawanishi N, Kato Y, Woods JA, Yano H.
Title Salmonella administration induces a reduction of wheel-running activity via a TLR5-, but not a TLR4, dependent pathway in mice.
Journal Exerc Immunol Rev
Abstract In general, systemic bacterial infections induce sickness behavior. In mice, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a component of gram-negative bacteria, strongly reduces physical activity via toll-like receptor (TLR) 4. However, gram-negative bacteria, such as Salmonella, also express flagella containing flagellin (FG) which binds to TLR5 and induces pro-inflammatory cytokine production. It is unclear whether FG induces sickness behavior. To determine whether Salmonella administration regulates the reduction of voluntary physical activity in mice, male C3H/HeN (wild type) and C3H/HeJ (tlr4 gene mutated) mice were administered living Salmonella (live) and examined for wheel-running activity. The production of TNF-alpha in RAW 264 cells was measured by the ELISA assay under both live and heat-killed (HK) Salmonella conditions in vitro. Wheel-running activity in both C3H/HeJ and C3H/HeN mice after i.p. injection of live Salmonella (1 x 10(6) CFU/kg) was significantly lower than that in vehicle groups (p < 0.01, respectively), although wheel-running activity in C3H/HeJ mice was not reduced after i.p. injection of HK Salmonella (1 x 10(6) CFU/kg). Furthermore, TNF-alpha production from RAW 264 cells with HK Salmonella treatment at the early phase was higher than that with live Salmonella treatment. Interestingly, gentamicin-treated (GMT) Salmonella, (which have bacterial flagella removed), did not induce reduction of wheel-running activity, although injection of the flagella-rich supernatant of GMT Salmonella significantly reduced it (p < 0.01). Indeed, FG treatment also induced reduction of wheel-running activity in mice (p < 0.01). Our findings suggest that the Salmonella-induced reduction of voluntary physical activity might be regulated by FG via TLR5, but not LPS via TLR4 in mice.
Volume 14
Pages 38-50
Published 2008
PMID 19203083
MeSH Animals Body Weight / drug effects Body Weight / genetics Body Weight / immunology Cell Line Flagellin / antagonists & inhibitors Flagellin / isolation & purification Flagellin / metabolism Gentamicins / pharmacology Hot Temperature Immunity, Innate Lipopolysaccharides / administration & dosage Macrophages / immunology Macrophages / metabolism Macrophages / pathology Male Mice Mice, Inbred C3H Mice, Mutant Strains Motor Activity / drug effects Motor Activity / genetics Motor Activity / immunology* Salmonella Infections, Animal / immunology* Salmonella enterica / immunology* Signal Transduction / immunology Toll-Like Receptor 4 / genetics Toll-Like Receptor 4 / immunology* Toll-Like Receptor 4 / metabolism Toll-Like Receptor 5 / immunology* Toll-Like Receptor 5 / metabolism Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / metabolism
IF 7.105
Times Cited 3
Human and Animal Cells