RRC ID 451
Author Tabunoki H, Sugiyama H, Tanaka Y, Fujii H, Banno Y, Jouni ZE, Kobayashi M, Sato R, Maekawa H, Tsuchida K.
Title Isolation, characterization, and cDNA sequence of a carotenoid binding protein from the silk gland of Bombyx mori larvae.
Journal J. Biol. Chem.
Abstract A carotenoid binding protein (CBP) has been isolated from the silk glands of Bombyx mori larvae. The protein has an apparent molecular mass of 33 kDa and binds carotenoids in a 1:1 molar ratio. Lutein accounts for 90% of the bound carotenoids, whereas alpha-carotene and beta-carotene are minor components. Immunological analysis demonstrated the presence of CBP only in the yellow-colored tissues of the silk gland, midgut, testis, and ovary. Several phenotypes of B. mori mutants linked to carotenoid transport have been utilized to characterize CBP. The Y (yellow hemolymph) gene controls uptake of carotenoids from the midgut lumen into the midgut epithelium, and larvae with the +(Y) gene lack this property. Immunoblotting analysis confirmed the presence of CBP in mutants with the dominant Y gene only. Immunohistochemistry verified the localization of CBP in the villi of the midgut epithelium, indicating that CBP might be involved in absorption of carotenoids. A cDNA clone for CBP encoding a protein of 297 amino acids has been isolated from the B. mori silk gland cDNA library. The deduced amino acid sequence revealed that CBP is a novel member of the steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR) protein family with its unique structural feature of a StAR-related lipid transfer domain, known to aid in lipid transfer and recognition. Lutein-binding capacity of the recombinant CBP (rCBP) determined by incubating rCBP with lutein followed by immunoprecipitation using anti-CBP IgG conjugated to protein A-Sepharose, demonstrated the formation of a lutein-rCBP complex. Sequence analyses coupled with binding specificity suggest that CBP is a new member of the StAR protein family that binds carotenoids rather than cholesterol.
Volume 277(35)
Pages 32133-40
Published 2002-8-30
DOI 10.1074/jbc.M204507200
PII M204507200
PMID 12052833
MeSH Amino Acid Sequence Animals Base Sequence Bombyx / genetics* Bombyx / physiology Carrier Proteins / analysis Carrier Proteins / genetics* Carrier Proteins / metabolism DNA, Complementary / chemistry DNA, Complementary / genetics Exocrine Glands / metabolism* Insect Proteins / analysis Insect Proteins / genetics* Insect Proteins / metabolism Larva Molecular Sequence Data Molecular Weight Mutagenesis Sequence Alignment Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
IF 4.106
Times Cited 51
Silkworms Y strains ?