RRC ID 50386
Author Kobayashi H.
Title Regeneration of Escherichia coli from Minicells through Lateral Gene Transfer.
Journal J Bacteriol
Abstract Recently, artificial life has been created with artificial materials and methods. Life can be created when genomic DNA molecules are integrated in liposomes containing biochemical reactions for biogenic needs. However, it is not yet known whether the integration of these parts will be able to occur in nature and constitute a living system. I planned to regenerate bacteria from biologically active liposomes by inserting genomic DNA using only natural materials and methods. Minicells of Escherichia coli, containing plasmids and activated SOS proteins, act as protocells. Four new E. coli strains were regenerated from minicells by inserting the genomes by using the system for conjugation between F- and Hfr strains. Cells of the four regenerated strains showed the same genetic markers as the two genome donors. Pulse-field gel electrophoresis of their genomes showed admixing of those of both donors. In addition, the genomes of the four regenerated strains had chimeric genome of the two donors. These results show that synthesis of life can occur in nature without artificial arrangement.IMPORTANCE What is the difference between inanimate objects and organisms? Organisms always have genomic DNA. When organisms lose their genomes, they can neither grow nor reproduce. As the result, organisms turn into inanimate objects without their genomes. In this study, I regenerated microbes from cells that had lost their genomes (cell corpses) by inserting another genome. All steps of regeneration used the natural behavior of microbes. The same regeneration of microbes could happen in nature. These primitive lives have plasticity, which accelerates evolution and provides various kinds of life in the world.
Volume 200(9)
Published 2018-5-1
DOI 10.1128/JB.00630-17
PII JB.00630-17
PMID 29463604
PMC PMC5892112
MeSH Conjugation, Genetic* DNA, Bacterial / genetics Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field Escherichia coli / cytology* Escherichia coli / genetics* Gene Transfer Techniques* Genome, Bacterial* Mutation Plasmids / genetics
IF 3.234
Times Cited 0
Prokaryotes E. coli ME8077 ME8162