RRC ID 50534
Author Le QV, Nishimaru H, Matsumoto J, Takamura Y, Nguyen MN, Mao CV, Hori E, Maior RS, Tomaz C, Ono T, Nishijo H.
Title Gamma oscillations in the superior colliculus and pulvinar in response to faces support discrimination performance in monkeys.
Journal Neuropsychologia
Abstract The subcortical visual pathway including the superior colliculus (SC), pulvinar, and amygdala has been implicated in unconscious visual processing of faces, eyes, and gaze direction in blindsight. Our previous studies reported that monkey SC and pulvinar neurons responded preferentially to images of faces while performing a delayed non-matching to sample (DNMS) task to discriminate different visual stimuli (Nguyen et al., 2013, 2014). However, the contribution of SC and pulvinar neurons to the discrimination of the facial images and subsequent behavioral performance remains unknown. Since gamma oscillations have been implicated in sensory and cognitive processes as well as behavioral execution, we hypothesized that gamma oscillations during neuronal responses might contribute to achieving the appropriate behavioral performance (i.e., a correct response). In the present study, we re-analyzed those neuronal responses in the monkey SC and pulvinar to investigate possible relationships between gamma oscillations in these neurons and behavioral performance (correct response ratios) during the DNMS task. Gamma oscillations of SC and pulvinar neuronal activity were analyzed in three phases around the stimulus onset [inter-trial interval (ITI): 1000ms before trial onset; Early: 0-200ms after stimulus onset; and Late: 300-500ms after stimulus onset]. We found that human facial images elicited stronger gamma oscillations in the early phase than the ITI and late phase in both the SC and pulvinar neurons. Furthermore, there was a significant correlation between strengths of gamma oscillations in the early phase and behavioral performance in both the SC and pulvinar. The results suggest that gamma oscillatory activity in the SC and pulvinar contributes to successful behavioral performance during unconscious perceptual and behavioral processes.
Published 2017-10-20
DOI 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2017.10.015
PII S0028-3932(17)30390-1
PMID 29037507
IF 2.889
Times Cited 6
Japanese macaques