RRC ID 5089
Author Carlsohn MR, Groth I, Spröer C, Schütze B, Saluz HP, Munder T, Stackebrandt E.
Title Kribbella aluminosa sp. nov., isolated from a medieval alum slate mine.
Journal Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol.
Abstract Three actinomycetes (strains HKI 0478(T), HKI 0479 and HKI 0480) isolated from the surfaces of rocks in the Feengrotten medieval alum slate mine (Thuringia, Germany) were examined in a polyphasic taxonomic study. The following morphological and chemotaxonomic features supported their classification as members of the genus Kribbella: the presence of ll-diaminopimelic acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan; glucose together with minor amounts of mannose and ribose as the whole-cell sugars; polar lipids comprising phosphatidylcholine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol and unknown phospho- and glycolipids; fatty acid profiles characterized by the predominance of anteiso-C(15 : 0), iso-C(16 : 0) and C(16 : 0) 9-methyl; and the presence of MK-9(H(4)) as the main menaquinone. The isolates had almost identical 16S rRNA gene sequences (99.9-100 %) and were most closely related to the type strains of Kribbella jejuensis (98.9 % sequence similarity), Kribbella swartbergensis and Kribbella solani (both 98.8 %). A wide range of genotypic and phenotypic markers as well as the low levels of DNA-DNA relatedness between strain HKI 0478(T) and the type strains of K. jejuensis (41.3 %), K. swartbergensis (18.6 %) and K. solani (14.2 %) distinguished the novel strains from their closest phylogenetic neighbours. On the basis of these results, strain HKI 0478(T) represents a novel member of the genus Kribbella, for which the name Kribbella aluminosa sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HKI 0478(T) (=DSM 18824(T) =JCM 14599(T)).
Volume 57(Pt 9)
Pages 1943-1947
Published 2007-9
DOI 10.1099/ijs.0.65048-0
PMID 17766851
MeSH Actinomycetales / chemistry Actinomycetales / classification* Actinomycetales / genetics Actinomycetales / isolation & purification* Alum Compounds Bacterial Typing Techniques Carbohydrates / analysis Cluster Analysis DNA Fingerprinting DNA, Bacterial / chemistry DNA, Bacterial / genetics DNA, Ribosomal / chemistry DNA, Ribosomal / genetics Diaminopimelic Acid / analysis Fatty Acids / analysis Genes, rRNA Germany Glycolipids / analysis Mining Molecular Sequence Data Nucleic Acid Hybridization Peptidoglycan / chemistry Phospholipids / analysis Phylogeny RNA, Bacterial / genetics RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics Sequence Analysis, DNA Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid Soil Microbiology*
IF 2.166
Times Cited 14
General Microbes JCM14599 JCM12204