RRC ID 51101
Author Hansawasdi C, Kurdi P.
Title Potential Prebiotic Oligosaccharide Mixtures from Acidic Hydrolysis of Rice Bran and Cassava Pulp.
Journal Plant Foods Hum Nutr
Abstract Two agricultural wastes, rice bran and cassava pulp were subjected to acidic hydrolysis by 2 M sulfuric acid which resulted in hemicellulosic oligosaccharide mixtures. Monosaccharide component analysis of these mixtures revealed that the oligosaccharides of rice bran acid hydrolysate (RAHF) composed of glucose and arabinose while cassava pulp acid hydrolysate (CAHF) was found to be comprised of glucose, galactose and arabinose. Both RAHF and CAHF were able to fuel all of the tested three Lactobacillus, five Bifidobacterium and three Bacteroides strains indicating the prebiotic potential of these oligosaccharide mixtures. Moreover, Lb. gasseri grew significantly better on RAHF than on inulin, a benchmark prebiotic oligo- and polysaccharide mixture. When the digestibility of RAHF and CAHF were tested it was found that these oligosaccharide mixtures were only slightly hydrolyzed upon exposure to simulated human gastric (by less than 8%) and pancreatic juices (by less than 3%). Additionally, most sensory attributes of the above obtained oligosaccharide mixtures supplemented two model cereal drink formulations were generally not different from those of the control, while the overall acceptance was not affected significantly in one cereal drink formulation.
Volume 72(4)
Pages 396-403
Published 2017-12-1
DOI 10.1007/s11130-017-0636-z
PII 10.1007/s11130-017-0636-z
PMID 28975455
MeSH Bacteroides / growth & development Bacteroides / metabolism Beverages Bifidobacterium / growth & development Bifidobacterium / metabolism Food Handling Gastric Juice / chemistry Gastric Juice / metabolism Gastrointestinal Microbiome Humans Hydrolysis Lactobacillus / growth & development Lactobacillus / metabolism Manihot / chemistry* Monosaccharides / analysis Oligosaccharides / analysis Oligosaccharides / chemistry* Oligosaccharides / pharmacology Oryza / chemistry* Prebiotics* Waste Products
IF 2.465
Times Cited 3
General Microbes JCM 1112 JCM 1131 JCM 1132 JCM 1192 JCM 1194 JCM 1200 JCM 1275 JCM 8224 JCM 5827 JCM 5824 JCM 5826