RRC ID 51287
Author Watanabe T, Shimazaki T, Oda Y.
Title Coordinated Expression of Two Types of Low-Threshold K+ Channels Establishes Unique Single Spiking of Mauthner Cells among Segmentally Homologous Neurons in the Zebrafish Hindbrain.
Journal eNeuro
Abstract Expression of different ion channels permits homologously-generated neurons to acquire different types of excitability and thus code various kinds of input information. Mauthner (M) series neurons in the teleost hindbrain consist of M cells and their morphological homologs, which are repeated in adjacent segments and share auditory inputs. When excited, M cells generate a single spike at the onset of abrupt stimuli, while their homologs encode input intensity with firing frequency. Our previous study in zebrafish showed that immature M cells burst phasically at 2 d postfertilization (dpf) and acquire single spiking at 4 dpf by specific expression of auxiliary Kvβ2 subunits in M cells in association with common expression of Kv1.1 channels in the M series. Here, we further reveal the ionic mechanisms underlying this functional differentiation. Pharmacological blocking of Kv7/KCNQ in addition to Kv1 altered mature M cells to fire tonically, similar to the homologs. In contrast, blocking either channel alone caused M cells to burst phasically. M cells at 2 dpf fired tonically after blocking Kv7. In situ hybridization revealed specific Kv7.4/KCNQ4 expression in M cells at 2 dpf. Kv7.4 and Kv1.1 channels expressed in Xenopus oocytes exhibited low-threshold outward currents with slow and fast rise times, while coexpression of Kvβ2 accelerated and increased Kv1.1 currents, respectively. Computational models, modified from a mouse cochlear neuron model, demonstrated that Kv7.4 channels suppress repetitive firing to produce spike-frequency adaptation, while Kvβ2-associated Kv1.1 channels increase firing threshold and decrease the onset latency of spiking. Altogether, coordinated expression of these low-threshold K+ channels with Kvβ2 functionally differentiates M cells among homologous neurons.
Volume 4(5)
Published 2017-9-1
DOI 10.1523/ENEURO.0249-17.2017
PII eN-NWR-0249-17
PMID 29085904
PMC PMC5659376
MeSH Action Potentials / drug effects Action Potentials / physiology* Animals Animals, Genetically Modified Cations, Monovalent / metabolism Cochlea / cytology Cochlea / metabolism Computer Simulation In Situ Hybridization Larva Models, Neurological Neurons / cytology* Neurons / drug effects Neurons / metabolism* Oocytes Patch-Clamp Techniques Potassium / metabolism Potassium Channel Blockers / pharmacology Potassium Channels / metabolism* Rhombencephalon / cytology* Rhombencephalon / drug effects Rhombencephalon / metabolism* Sodium / metabolism Xenopus laevis Zebrafish
IF 3.544
Times Cited 1
Zebrafish Tol-056