RRC ID 51427
Author Wei H, Yan B, Gagneur J, Conradt B.
Title Caenorhabditis elegans CES-1 Snail Represses pig-1 MELK Expression To Control Asymmetric Cell Division.
Journal Genetics
Abstract Snail-like transcription factors affect stem cell function through mechanisms that are incompletely understood. In the Caenorhabditis elegans neurosecretory motor neuron (NSM) neuroblast lineage, CES-1 Snail coordinates cell cycle progression and cell polarity to ensure the asymmetric division of the NSM neuroblast and the generation of two daughter cells of different sizes and fates. We have previously shown that CES-1 Snail controls cell cycle progression by repressing the expression of cdc-25.2 CDC25. However, the mechanism through which CES-1 Snail affects cell polarity has been elusive. Here, we systematically searched for direct targets of CES-1 Snail by genome-wide profiling of CES-1 Snail binding sites and identified >3000 potential CES-1 Snail target genes, including pig-1, the ortholog of the oncogene maternal embryonic leucine zipper kinase (MELK). Furthermore, we show that CES-1 Snail represses pig-1 MELK transcription in the NSM neuroblast lineage and that pig-1 MELK acts downstream of ces-1 Snail to cause the NSM neuroblast to divide asymmetrically by size and along the correct cell division axis. Based on our results we propose that by regulating the expression of the MELK gene, Snail-like transcription factors affect the ability of stem cells to divide asymmetrically and, hence, to self-renew. Furthermore, we speculate that the deregulation of MELK contributes to tumorigenesis by causing cells that normally divide asymmetrically to divide symmetrically instead.
Volume 206(4)
Pages 2069-2084
Published 2017-8-1
DOI 10.1534/genetics.117.202754
PII genetics.117.202754
PMID 28652378
PMC PMC5560807
MeSH Animals Asymmetric Cell Division* Binding Sites Caenorhabditis elegans / embryology Caenorhabditis elegans / genetics Caenorhabditis elegans / metabolism Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins / chemistry Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins / genetics Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins / metabolism* Cell Polarity DNA-Binding Proteins / chemistry DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism* Motor Neurons / cytology Motor Neurons / metabolism Neural Stem Cells / cytology Neural Stem Cells / metabolism Protein Binding Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / genetics Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism* Transcription Factors / chemistry Transcription Factors / genetics Transcription Factors / metabolism*
IF 4.015
Times Cited 6
C.elegans tm1036 tm1510