Yasui H, Imura Y, Outani H, Hamada K, Nakai T, Yamada S, Takenaka S, Sasagawa S, Araki N, Itoh K, Myoui A, Yoshikawa H, Naka N.
Synovial sarcoma (SS) is an aggressive soft tissue tumour with poor prognosis. Using five human SS cell lines, we examined the cytotoxic effects of trabectedin (ET-743; Yondelis(®)), a novel marine natural product, which was approved in Europe for the treatment of soft tissue sarcomas (STS). The significant growth inhibitory effects were observed in all SS cell lines below nanomolar concentration of trabectedin. Furthermore, trabectedin significantly suppressed the tumour growth in xenograft models. Flow cytometer analysis in vitro and immunohistochemical analysis in vivo revealed its effect of cell cycle inhibition and apoptosis induction. We also examined the expression of ERCC1, 5 and BRCA1 in SS cell lines and clinical samples, and majority of them showed highly trabectedin-sensitive pattern as previously reported in other cancers. Our preclinical data indicated that trabectedin could be a promising therapeutic option for patients with SS.