RRC ID 53704
Author Martel M, Balleydier A, Sauriol A, Drolet M.
Title Constitutive stable DNA replication in Escherichia coli cells lacking type 1A topoisomerase activity.
Journal DNA Repair (Amst)
Abstract Type 1A topoisomerases (topos) are ubiquitous enzymes involved in supercoiling regulation and in the maintenance of genome stability. Escherichia coli possesses two type 1A enzymes, topo I (topA) and topo III (topB). Cells lacking both enzymes form very long filaments and have severe chromosome segregation and growth defects. We previously found that RNase HI overproduction or a dnaT::aph mutation could significantly correct these phenotypes. This leads us to hypothesize that they were related to unregulated replication originating from R-loops, i.e. constitutive stable DNA replication (cSDR). cSDR, first observed in rnhA (RNase HI) mutants, is characterized by its persistence for several hours following protein synthesis inhibition and by its requirement for primosome components, including DnaT. Here, to visualize and measure cSDR, the incorporation of the nucleotide analog ethynyl deoxyuridine (EdU) during replication in E. coli cells pre-treated with protein synthesis inhibitors, was revealed by "click" labeling with Alexa Fluor(®) 488 in fixed cells, and flow cytometry analysis. cSDR was detected in rnhA mutants, but not in wild-type strains, and the number of cells undergoing cSDR was significantly reduced by the introduction of the dnaT::aph mutation. cSDR was also found in topA, double topA topB but not in topB null cells. This result is consistent with the established function of topo I in the inhibition of R-loop formation. Moreover, our finding that topB rnhA mutants are perfectly viable demonstrates that topo III is not uniquely required during cSDR. Thus, either topo I or III can provide the type 1A topo activity that is specifically required during cSDR to allow chromosome segregation.
Volume 35
Pages 37-47
Published 2015-11-1
DOI 10.1016/j.dnarep.2015.08.004
PII S1568-7864(15)30048-3
PMID 26444226
MeSH Chromosome Segregation DNA Replication / genetics* DNA Topoisomerases, Type I / genetics* DNA Topoisomerases, Type I / metabolism DNA, Bacterial / genetics* Deoxyuridine / analogs & derivatives Deoxyuridine / metabolism Escherichia coli / enzymology Escherichia coli / genetics* Escherichia coli Proteins / genetics* Escherichia coli Proteins / metabolism Genomic Instability Mutation Ribonuclease H / genetics Ribonuclease H / metabolism
IF 3.339
Times Cited 8
Prokaryotes E. coli