RRC ID 55046
Author Oshikawa M, Tsutsui C, Ikegami T, Fuchida Y, Matsubara M, Toyama S, Usami R, Ohtoko K, Kato S.
Title Full-length transcriptome analysis of human retina-derived cell lines ARPE-19 and Y79 using the vector-capping method.
Journal Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci
Abstract PURPOSE. To collect an entire set of full-length cDNA clones derived from human retina-derived cell lines and to identify full-length transcripts for retinal preferentially expressed genes. METHODS. The full-length cDNA libraries were constructed from a retinoblastoma cell line, Y79, and a retinal pigment epithelium cell line, ARPE-19, using the vector-capping method, which generates a genuine full-length cDNA. By single-pass sequencing of the 5'-end of cDNA clones and subsequent mapping to the human genome, the authors determined their transcriptional start sites and annotated the cDNA clones. RESULTS. Of the 23,616 clones isolated from Y79-derived cDNA libraries, 19,229 full-length cDNA clones were identified and classified into 4808 genes, including genes of >10 kbp. Of the 7067 genes obtained from the Y79 and ARPE-19 libraries, the authors selected 72 genes that were preferentially expressed in the eye, of which 131 clones corresponding to 57 genes were fully sequenced. As a result, we discovered many variants that were produced by different transcriptional start sites, alternative splicing, and alternative polyadenylation. CONCLUSIONS. The bias-free, full-length cDNA libraries constructed using the vector-capping method were shown to be useful for collecting an entire set of full-length cDNA clones for these retinal cell lines. Full-length transcriptome analysis of these cDNA libraries revealed that there were, unexpectedly, many transcript variants for each gene, indicating that obtaining the full-length cDNA for each variant is indispensable for analyzing its function. The full-length cDNA clones (approximately 80,000 clones each for ARPE-19 and Y79) will be useful as a resource for investigating the human retina.
Volume 52(9)
Pages 6662-70
Published 2011-8-22
DOI 10.1167/iovs.11-7479
PII iovs.11-7479
PMID 21697133
MeSH Cell Line, Tumor Cloning, Molecular Gene Expression / physiology* Gene Expression Profiling / methods* Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / physiology* Gene Library Genes, Neoplasm Genetic Vectors Humans Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis / methods Plasmids RNA Caps / genetics* RNA, Messenger / analysis Retinal Neoplasms / genetics* Retinal Pigment Epithelium / metabolism* Retinoblastoma / genetics* Transcription, Genetic
IF 3.812
Times Cited 8
DNA material NRCD human cDNA clones (RDB06607)