RRC ID 56044
Author Aota K, Yamanoi T, Kani K, Azuma M.
Title Cepharanthine Inhibits IFN-γ-Induced CXCL10 by Suppressing the JAK2/STAT1 Signal Pathway in Human Salivary Gland Ductal Cells.
Journal Inflammation
Abstract Cepharanthine, a biscolaurine alkaloid isolated from the plant Stephania cephalantha Hayata, has been reported to have potent anti-inflammatory properties. Here, we investigated the effects of cepharanthine on the expression of CXCL10 (a CXC chemokine induced by interferon-gamma [IFN-γ] that has been observed in a wide variety of chronic inflammatory disorders and autoimmune conditions) in IFN-γ-treated human salivary gland cell lines. We observed that IFN-γ-induced CXCL10 production in NS-SV-DC cells (a human salivary gland ductal cell line), but not in NS-SV-AC cells (a human salivary gland acinar cell line). Cepharanthine inhibited the IFN-γ-induced CXCL10 production in NS-SV-DC cells. A Western blot analysis showed that cepharanthine prevented the phosphorylation of JAK2 and STAT1, but did not interfere with the NF-κB pathway. Moreover, cepharanthine inhibited the IFN-γ-mediated chemotaxis of Jurkat T cells. These results suggest that cepharanthine suppresses IFN-γ-induced CXCL10 production via the inhibition of the JAK2/STAT1 signaling pathway in human salivary gland ductal cells. Our findings also indicate that cepharanthine could inhibit the chemotaxis of Jurkat T cells by reducing CXCL10 production.
Volume 41(1)
Pages 50-58
Published 2018-2-1
DOI 10.1007/s10753-017-0662-x
PII 10.1007/s10753-017-0662-x
PMID 28879548
MeSH Anti-Inflammatory Agents / pharmacology* Benzylisoquinolines / pharmacology* Chemokine CXCL10 / metabolism* Chemotaxis, Leukocyte / drug effects Dose-Response Relationship, Drug Humans Interferon-gamma / pharmacology* Janus Kinase 2 / metabolism* Jurkat Cells NF-kappa B / metabolism Phosphorylation STAT1 Transcription Factor / metabolism* Salivary Ducts / drug effects* Salivary Ducts / metabolism Signal Transduction / drug effects Time Factors
IF 2.939
Times Cited 5
Human and Animal Cells Jurkat