Reference - Detail
|Author||Mizutani H, Hayashi Y, Hashimoto M, Imai M, Ichimaru Y, Kitamura Y, Ikemura K, Miyazawa D, Ohta K, Ikeda Y, Maeda T, Yoshikawa M, Hiraku Y, Kawanishi S.|
|Title||Oxidative DNA Damage and Apoptosis Induced by Aclarubicin, an Anthracycline: Role of Hydrogen Peroxide and Copper.|
BACKGROUND/AIM:This study aimed to investigate aclarubicin (ACR)-induced oxidative DNA damage and apoptosis.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:ACR-induced apoptosis was analyzed using HL-60 leukemia cells and HP100 cells, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-resistant cells derived from HL-60 cells. ACR-induced DNA damage was analyzed using plasmid DNA.
RESULTS:HL-60 cells were more sensitive to ACR than HP100 cells. In HP100 cells, DNA ladder formation and caspase-3/7 activity induced by ACR were suppressed or delayed in comparison to those in HL-60 cells. ACR-induced DNA damage occurred in the presence of Cu(II), and scavenger experiments showed that the reactive species causing DNA damage appeared to be generated from H2O2 and Cu(I). Moreover, we detected intracellular Cu(I) induced by ACR in HL-60 cells, using CopperGREEN™, a fluorescent probe for detection of Cu(I) ion specifically.
CONCLUSION:ACR-induced DNA damage and apoptosis can be accounted for by the involvement of H2O2 and Cu(I).
|MeSH||Aclarubicin / adverse effects* Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / adverse effects* Apoptosis / drug effects* Cell Line, Tumor Copper / pharmacology* DNA Damage* Humans Hydrogen Peroxide / metabolism* Neoplasms / metabolism|
|Human and Animal Cells||HL-60(RCB3683)|