RRC ID 58289
Author Li MW, Wang Z, Jiang B, Kaga A, Wong FL, Zhang G, Han T, Chung G, Nguyen H, Lam HM.
Title Impacts of genomic research on soybean improvement in East Asia.
Journal Theor Appl Genet
Abstract It has been commonly accepted that soybean domestication originated in East Asia. Although East Asia has the historical merit in soybean production, the USA has become the top soybean producer in the world since 1950s. Following that, Brazil and Argentina have been the major soybean producers since 1970s and 1990s, respectively. China has once been the exporter of soybean to Japan before 1990s, yet she became a net soybean importer as Japan and the Republic of Korea do. Furthermore, the soybean yield per unit area in East Asia has stagnated during the past decade. To improve soybean production and enhance food security in these East Asian countries, much investment has been made, especially in the breeding of better performing soybean germplasms. As a result, China, Japan, and the Republic of Korea have become three important centers for soybean genomic research. With new technologies, the rate and precision of the identification of important genomic loci associated with desired traits from germplasm collections or mutants have increased significantly. Genome editing on soybean is also becoming more established. The year 2019 marked a new era for crop genome editing in the commercialization of the first genome-edited plant product, which is a high-oleic-acid soybean oil. In this review, we have summarized the latest developments in soybean breeding technologies and the remarkable progress in soybean breeding-related research in China, Japan, and the Republic of Korea.
Volume 133(5)
Pages 1655-1678
Published 2019-10-23
DOI 10.1007/s00122-019-03462-6
PII 10.1007/s00122-019-03462-6
PMID 31646364
PMC PMC7214498
MeSH Asia, Eastern Genome, Plant* Genomics / methods* Phenotype Plant Breeding / standards* Plants, Genetically Modified / genetics* Plants, Genetically Modified / growth & development Soybeans / genetics* Soybeans / growth & development*
IF 4.439
Times Cited 3
Lotus / Glycine LegumeBase