RRC ID 59870
Author Terumitsu-Tsujita M, Kitaura H, Miura I, Kiyama Y, Goto F, Muraki Y, Ominato S, Hara N, Simankova A, Bizen N, Kashiwagi K, Ito T, Toyoshima Y, Kakita A, Manabe T, Wakana S, Takebayashi H, Igarashi H.
Title Glial pathology in a novel spontaneous mutant mouse of the Eif2b5 gene: a vanishing white matter disease model.
Journal J Neurochem
Abstract Vanishing white matter disease (VWM) is an autosomal recessive neurological disorder caused by mutation(s) in any subunit of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2B (eIF2B), an activator of translation initiation factor eIF2. VWM occurs with mutation of the genes encoding eIF2B subunits (EIF2B1, EIF2B2, EIF2B3, EIF2B4, and EIF2B5). However, little is known regarding the underlying pathogenetic mechanisms or how to treat patients with VWM. Here we describe the identification and detailed analysis of a new spontaneous mutant mouse harboring a point mutation in the Eif2b5 gene (p.Ile98Met). Homozygous Eif2b5I98M mutant mice exhibited a small body, abnormal gait, male and female infertility, epileptic seizures, and a shortened lifespan. Biochemical analyses indicated that the mutant eIF2B protein with the Eif2b5I98M mutation decreased guanine nucleotide exchange activity on eIF2, and the level of the endoplasmic reticulum stress marker activating transcription factor 4 was elevated in the 1-month-old Eif2b5I98M brain. Histological analyses indicated up-regulated glial fibrillary acidic protein immunoreactivity in the astrocytes of the Eif2b5I98M forebrain and translocation of Bergmann glia in the Eif2b5I98M cerebellum, as well as increased mRNA expression of an endoplasmic reticulum stress marker, C/EBP homologous protein. Disruption of myelin and clustering of oligodendrocyte progenitor cells were also indicated in the white matter of the Eif2b5I98M spinal cord at 8 months old. Our data show that Eif2b5I98M mutants are a good model for understanding VWM pathogenesis and therapy development. Cover Image for this issue: doi: 10.1111/jnc.14751.
Volume 154(1)
Pages 25-40
Published 2020-7-1
DOI 10.1111/jnc.14887
PMID 31587290
MeSH Animals Brain / pathology Disease Models, Animal* Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-2B / genetics* Female Leukoencephalopathies / genetics* Leukoencephalopathies / pathology* Male Mice Mice, Inbred C57BL Mice, Mutant Strains Neuroglia / pathology* Point Mutation
IF 4.87
Times Cited 2
Human and Animal Cells CHO-K1(RCB0285)