Reference - Detail
|Author||Xie PY, Hu XJ, Guo RM, Meng XC, Pang PF, Zhou ZY, Li D, Shan H.|
|Title||Generation of functional hepatocyte-like cells from human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells by overexpression of transcription factor HNF4α and FOXA2.|
|Journal||Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int|
BACKGROUND:Our previous study showed that overexpression of hepatocyte nuclear factor 4α (HNF4α) could directly promote mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to differentiate into hepatocyte-like cells. However, the efficiency of hepatic differentiation remains low. The purpose of our study was to establish an MSC cell line that overexpressed HNF4α and FOXA2 genes to obtain an increased hepatic differentiation efficiency and hepatocyte-like cells with more mature hepatocyte functions.
METHODS:Successful establishment of high-level HNF4α and FOXA2 co-overexpression in human induced hepatocyte-like cells (hiHep cells) was verified by flow cytometry, immunofluorescence and RT-PCR. Measurements of albumin (ALB), urea, glucose, indocyanine green (ICG) uptake and release, cytochrome P450 (CYP) activity and gene expression were used to analyze mature hepatic functions of hiHep cells.
RESULTS:hiHep cells efficiently express HNF4α and FOXA2 genes and proteins, exhibit typical epithelial morphology and acquire mature hepatocyte-like cell functions, including ALB secretion, urea production, ICG uptake and release, and glycogen storage. hiHep cells can be activated by CYP inducers. The percentage of both ALB and α-1-antitrypsin (AAT)-positive cells was approximately 72.6%. The expression levels of hepatocyte-specific genes (ALB, AAT, and CYP1A1) and liver drug transport-related genes (ABCB1, ABCG2, and SLC22A18) in hiHep cells were significantly higher than those in MSCs-Vector cells. The hiHep cells did not form tumors after subcutaneous xenograft in BALB/c nude mice after 2 months.
CONCLUSION:This study provides an accessible, feasible and efficient strategy to generate hiHep cells from MSCs.
|MeSH||Animals Biomarkers / metabolism Cell Differentiation* Cell Line Cell Proliferation Cell Shape Female Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 3-beta / genetics Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 3-beta / metabolism* Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 4 / genetics Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 4 / metabolism* Hepatocytes / metabolism* Humans Mesenchymal Stem Cells / metabolism* Mice, Inbred BALB C Mice, Nude Signal Transduction Transfection Up-Regulation|
|Human and Animal Cells||UE7T-13(RCB2161)|