Reference - Detail
|Author||Oono K, Ohtake K, Watanabe C, Shiba S, Sekiya T, Kasono K.|
|Title||Contribution of Pyk2 pathway and reactive oxygen species (ROS) to the anti-cancer effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) in PC3 prostate cancer cells.|
|Journal||Lipids Health Dis|
BACKGROUND:n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs), including eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), are thought to exert protective effects in cardiovascular diseases. In addition, n-3 PUFAs have demonstrated anti-cancer effects in vitro and in vivo.
OBJECTIVE:We investigated the anti-cancer effects and mechanism of action of EPA on PC3 prostate cancer cells in vitro.
METHODS:PC3 cells were treated with various concentrations of EPA, and cell survival and the abilities of migration and invasion were evaluated. The time course of the growth inhibitory effect of EPA on PC3 cells was also assessed. The mechanism underlying the anti-cancer effects of EPA was investigated by human phosphokinase and human apoptosis antibody arrays, and confirmed by western blot analysis. We also examined the contribution of reactive oxygen species (ROS) to the effects of EPA using the ROS inhibitor N-acetyl cysteine.
RESULTS:EPA decreased the survival of PC3 cells in a dose-dependent manner within 3 h of application, with an effective concentration of 500 μmol/L. EPA inhibited proline-rich tyrosine kinase (Pyk)2 and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 phosphorylation as determined by western blotting and the antibody arrays. The growth of PC3 cells was inhibited by EPA, which was dependent on ROS induction, while EPA inhibited Pyk2 phosphorylation independent of ROS production.
CONCLUSIONS:Inhibition of Pyk2 phosphorylation and ROS production contribute to the anticancer effects of EPA on PC3 cells.
|MeSH||Blotting, Western Cell Movement / drug effects Cell Proliferation / drug effects Cell Survival / drug effects Eicosapentaenoic Acid / pharmacology* Focal Adhesion Kinase 2 / metabolism* Humans Male PC-3 Cells Phosphorylation / drug effects Reactive Oxygen Species / metabolism|
|Human and Animal Cells||PC-3(RCB2145)|