RRC ID 61793
Author Yamasaki S, Nabeshima K, Sotomaru Y, Taguchi Y, Mukasa H, Furue MK, Sato JD, Okamoto T.
Title Long-term serial cultivation of mouse induced pluripotent stem cells in serum-free and feeder-free defined medium.
Journal Int J Dev Biol
Abstract Mouse embryonic stem (mES) cells and mouse induced pluripotent stem (miPS) cells are commonly maintained on inactivated mouse embryonic fibroblast feeder cells in medium supplemented with fetal bovine serum or proprietary replacements. An undefined medium containing unknown quantities of reagents has limited the development of applications for pluripotent cells because of the relative lack of knowledge regarding cell responses to differentiating growth factors. Therefore we developed a serum-free medium, designated ESF7, in which mES cells can be maintained in an undifferentiated state without feeder cells. The medium was tested for culturing miPS cells. The miPS cells have been maintained in ESF7 medium for more than 3 years with an undifferentiated phenotype manifested by the expression of pluripotency marker genes and alkaline phosphatase, and these cells exhibited largely normal karyotypes. Furthermore, we found that fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) with heparin induced miPS cell differentiation into neuronal cells, both in an adherent monolayer and in embryoid body suspension culture. Moreover, we found that FGF-2 with bone morphogenetic protein 2 induced miPS cell differentiation into cardiomyocytes in embryoid body suspension culture. Furthermore, we transplanted subcutaneously miPS cells maintained in ESF7 into the dorsal flanks of SCID mice; all of the transplants produced tumors with tissues derived from all three embryonic germ layers. As this simple serum-free adherent monoculture system supports the long-term propagation of pluripotent iPS cells in vitro, it will allow us to elucidate cell responses to growth factors under defined conditions, and it should provide useful information for differentiation protocols for human iPS cells.
Volume 57(9-10)
Pages 715-24
Published 2013-1-1
DOI 10.1387/ijdb.130173to
PII 130173to
PMID 24307297
MeSH Animals Cell Culture Techniques* Cell Proliferation Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / drug effects* Cells, Cultured Culture Media, Serum-Free Embryonic Stem Cells / cytology Embryonic Stem Cells / drug effects* Embryonic Stem Cells / metabolism Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 / pharmacology Heparin / pharmacology Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells / cytology Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells / drug effects* Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells / metabolism Mice Mice, SCID Muscle Development / drug effects* Myocytes, Cardiac / metabolism Neurogenesis / drug effects* Neurons / metabolism
IF 1.105
Human and Animal Cells iPS-MEF-Ng-20D-17(APS0001)