RRC ID 62967
Author Kobayashi C, Tanaka A, Yasuda T, Hishinuma S.
Title Roles of Lys191 and Lys179 in regulating thermodynamic binding forces of ligands to determine their binding affinity for human histamine H1 receptors.
Journal Biochem Pharmacol
Abstract Docking simulations based on the crystal structure of human histamine H1 receptors have predicted crucial roles of Lys1915.39 and Lys179ECL2, which exist at the entrance of the ligand-binding pocket, in increasing the H1-receptor selectivity for carboxylated second-generation antihistamines via electrostatic interaction. In this study, we evaluated the roles of Lys1915.39 and Lys179ECL2 in regulating the thermodynamic binding forces of non-carboxylated and carboxylated antihistamines that determine their binding affinity for human H1 receptors. The binding enthalpy and entropy of the 3 sets of non-carboxylated and corresponding carboxylated antihistamines (doxepin and olopatadine, desloratadine and loratadine, and terfenadine and fexofenadine, respectively) were estimated using the van't Hoff equation with the dissociation constants obtained from the displacement curves of the non-carboxylated and carboxylated antihistamines against the binding of [3H]mepyramine to the membrane preparations of Chinese hamster ovary cells expressing human H1 receptors at various temperatures, ranging from 4 °C to 37 °C. We found that the affinity for carboxylated antihistamines was lower than that for the corresponding non-carboxylated compounds due to lower enthalpy-dependent electrostatic binding forces and/or entropy-dependent hydrophobic binding forces. Mutations of Lys1915.39 and/or Lys179ECL2 to alanine mostly increased the binding affinity for antihistamines due to a variety of changes in both enthalpy- and entropy-dependent binding forces. These results suggest that Lys1915.39 and Lys179ECL2 may not contribute to selectively increasing the binding affinity for carboxylated antihistamines via electrostatic interaction, but that they can negatively modulate the binding affinity for non-carboxylated and carboxylated antihistamines non-selectively by affecting their electrostatic as well as hydrophobic binding forces.
Volume 180
Pages 114185
Published 2020-10-1
DOI 10.1016/j.bcp.2020.114185
PII S0006-2952(20)30421-4
PMID 32738199
MeSH Animals CHO Cells Cricetinae Cricetulus Dose-Response Relationship, Drug Histamine Antagonists / chemistry Histamine Antagonists / metabolism Histamine H1 Antagonists / chemistry Histamine H1 Antagonists / metabolism* Humans Ligands Lysine / chemistry Lysine / metabolism* Protein Binding / drug effects Protein Binding / physiology Receptors, Histamine H1 / chemistry Receptors, Histamine H1 / metabolism* Thermodynamics*
IF 4.96
Resource
Human and Animal Cells CHO-K1(RCB0285)