RRC ID 63718
Author Takafuji S, Mori T, Nishimura N, Yamamoto N, Uemura S, Nozu K, Terui K, Toki T, Ito E, Muramatsu H, Takahashi Y, Matsuo M, Yamamura T, Iijima K.
Title Usefulness of functional splicing analysis to confirm precise disease pathogenesis in Diamond-Blackfan anemia caused by intronic variants in RPS19.
Journal Pediatr Hematol Oncol
Abstract Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is mainly caused by pathogenic variants in ribosomal proteins and 22 responsible genes have been identified to date. The most common causative gene of DBA is RPS19 [NM_001022.4]. Nearly 180 RPS19 variants have been reported, including three deep intronic variants outside the splicing consensus sequence (c.72-92A > G, c.356 + 18G > C, and c.411 + 6G > C). We also identified one case with a c.412-3C > G intronic variant. Without conducting transcript analysis, the pathogenicity of these variants is unknown. However, it is difficult to assess transcripts because of their fragility. In such cases, in vitro functional splicing assays can be used to assess pathogenicity. Here, we report functional splicing analysis results of four RPS19 deep intronic variants identified in our case and in previously reported cases. One splicing consensus variant (c.411 + 1G > A) was also examined as a positive control. Aberrant splicing with a 2-bp insertion between exons 5 and 6 was identified in the patient samples and minigene assay results also identified exon 6 skipping in our case. The exon 6 skipping transcript was confirmed by further evaluation using quantitative RT-PCR. Additionally, minigene assay analysis of three reported deep intronic variants revealed that none of them showed aberrant splicing and that these variants were not considered to be pathogenic. In conclusion, the minigene assay is a useful method for functional splicing analysis of inherited disease.
Volume 38(6)
Pages 515-527
Published 2021-9-1
DOI 10.1080/08880018.2021.1887984
PMID 33622161
MeSH Anemia, Diamond-Blackfan* / genetics Anemia, Diamond-Blackfan* / metabolism Humans Infant, Newborn Male Mutation* RNA Splicing* Ribosomal Proteins* / biosynthesis Ribosomal Proteins* / genetics
IF 1.232
Human and Animal Cells 293T(RCB2202) HeLa(RCB0007)