RRC ID 65661
Author Wei M, Li S, Yang Z, Cheng C, Li T, Le W.
Title Tetrahedral DNA nanostructures functionalized by multivalent microRNA132 antisense oligonucleotides promote the differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells into dopaminergic neurons.
Journal Nanomedicine
Abstract MicroRNA132 (miR132) negatively regulates the differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) into dopaminergic (DAergic) neurons; in contrast, antisense oligonucleotide against miR132 (miR132-ASO) effectively blocks the activity of endogenous miR132 and thereafter promotes the differentiation of DAergic neurons. However, it is difficult for miR132-ASO to enter cells without a suitable delivery system. Tetrahedral DNA nanostructures (TDNs), as a new type of DNA-based nanocarrier, have great potential in biomedical applications and even have been reported to promote stem cell differentiation. In this study, we developed functional multivalent DNA nanostructures by appending miR132-ASO motifs to three-dimensional TDNs (miR132-ASO-TDNs). Our data clearly revealed that miR132-ASO-TDNs exposure can promote the differentiation of ESCs into DAergic neurons as well as elevate DA release from differentiated DAergic neurons. MiR132-ASO-TDNs could serve as a novel biofunctional nanomaterial to improve the efficiency of DAergic neurons differentiation. Our findings may also provide a new approach for stem cell therapy against neurodegenerative diseases.
Volume 34
Pages 102375
Published 2021-6-1
DOI 10.1016/j.nano.2021.102375
PII S1549-9634(21)00018-6
PMID 33617970
MeSH Animals Cell Differentiation / drug effects* Cell Line DNA / chemistry* Dopaminergic Neurons / cytology Dopaminergic Neurons / drug effects* Mice MicroRNAs / genetics* Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells / cytology Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells / drug effects* Nucleic Acid Conformation* RNA, Antisense / pharmacology*
IF 4.3
Human and Animal Cells MC3T3-G2/PA6(RCB1127)