RRC ID 67272
Author Manenti T, Sten LJ, Loeschcke V.
Title Daily increasing or decreasing photoperiod affects stress resistance and life history traits in four Drosophila species.
Journal J Insect Physiol
Abstract Photoperiod is one of the most reliable seasonal cues that organisms can use to prepare for upcoming environmental changes. Evidence suggests that exposure to different photoperiod can activate plastic responses in stress resistance traits, while there is limited evidence on the plastic response induced by daily progressive cumulative changes in photoperiod. In this study, we assayed the effect of within generation daily uni-directional and cumulative changes in photoperiod on stress resistance and life history traits in four Drosophila species. We predicted that daily increasing photoperiod, mimicking upcoming summer conditions, should lead to an increase in heat resistance and establish trade-offs with other fitness related traits. On the other hand, we predicted that daily decreasing photoperiod should reflect upcoming winter conditions leading to an increase in cold resistance. We found that within genreation changes in photoperiod had a significant effect on life history and stress resistance traits in the four Drosophila species. The observed response was different across species, with D. melanogaster showing five out of six studied traits affected, while in D. mercatorum only one trait was significantly affected. The exposure to changing photoperiod led to an increased upper thermal resistance in D. melanogaster and D. mercatorum and a decreased lower thermal resistance in D. melanogaster and D. simulans, as well as a decreased starvation and desiccation resistance in D. virilis. The developmental time was shorter when flies were exposed to the two photoperiod regimes compared to constant day length control in D. melanogaster and D. simulans. A limited effect was observed on egg-to-adult-viability and desiccation resistance. The results of this study show that daily change in photoperiod induced a plastic response in different traits of drosophilids, suggesting that this environmental parameter needs to be carefully considered in evolutionary studies.
Volume 132
Pages 104251
Published 2021-7-1
DOI 10.1016/j.jinsphys.2021.104251
PII S0022-1910(21)00061-5
PMID 33971199
MeSH Adaptation, Physiological* Animals Biological Evolution Drosophila / physiology* Drosophila melanogaster / physiology Drosophila simulans / physiology Life History Traits Photoperiod* Seasons Starvation Stress, Physiological Temperature
IF 2.246
Drosophila D. mercatorum and D. virilis