RRC ID 67915
Author Yamazaki Y, Yasuda K, Matsuyama T, Ishihara T, Higa R, Sawairi T, Yamaguchi M, Egi M, Akai S, Miyase T, Ikari A, Miwa M, Sugatani J.
Title A Penicillium sp. F33 metabolite and its synthetic derivatives inhibit acetyl-CoA:1-O-alkyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine acetyltransferase (a key enzyme in platelet-activating factor biosynthesis) and carrageenan-induced paw edema in mice.
Journal Biochem Pharmacol
Abstract Acetyl-CoA:1-O-alkyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (lyso-PAF) acetyltransferase is a key enzyme in the biosynthesis of 1-O-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (PAF) in inflammatory cells. Substances which inhibit this enzyme are of therapeutic interest. In this study, we screened for new inhibitors of lyso-PAF acetyltransferase with anti-inflammatory effects. In a metabolite from Penicillium sp. F33, we isolated an acetyltransferase inhibitor identified as dihydrofumigatin (2-methoxy-1,3,4-trihydroxy-5-methylbenzene) from high resolution mass spectrometer and NMR data. Dihydrofumigatin had strong acetyltransferase inhibitory activity, but was not stable in aqueous solution. Thus, we chemically synthesized its oxidized form fumigatin (3-hydroxy-2-methoxy-5-methyl-1,4-benzoquinone) and derivatives thereof, and evaluated their inhibitory effects. Strong inhibitory activity was observed for saturated fatty acid esters of fumigatin; the order of inhibition was 3-decanoyloxy-2-methoxy-5-methyl-1,4-benzoquinone (termed FUD-7, IC₅₀ = 3 μM)>2-methoxy-5-methyl-3-tetradecanoyloxy-1,4-benzoquinone (termed FUD-8, IC₅₀ = 20 μM)>3-hexanoyloxy-2-methoxy-5-methyl-1,4-benzoquinone (IC₅₀ = 139 μM). Interestingly, these compounds also significantly suppressed the gene expression of lyso-PAF acetyltransferase/LPCAT2 in mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). We further evaluated the effect of these substances on anti-inflammatory activity in vivo using the carrageenan-induced mouse paw edema test. FUD-7 and FUD-8 at 2.5 mg/kg showed significant, 47.9-51.7%, inhibition stronger than that of prednisolone at 10 mg/kg (41.9%). These results suggest that FUD-7 and FUD-8 are potent inhibitors with anti-inflammatory activity.
Volume 86(5)
Pages 632-44
Published 2013-9-1
DOI 10.1016/j.bcp.2013.06.021
PII S0006-2952(13)00392-4
PMID 23817078
MeSH Acetyltransferases / antagonists & inhibitors* Animals Base Sequence Benzoquinones / pharmacology Carrageenan / toxicity* Cells, Cultured Cyclohexanones / pharmacology DNA Primers Edema / chemically induced Edema / enzymology* Male Mice Mice, Inbred C57BL Penicillium / metabolism* Platelet Activating Factor / biosynthesis* Rats Rats, Wistar Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
IF 4.96
Human and Animal Cells L929