RRC ID 69145
Author Shimura T, Nakashiro C, Fujiwara K, Shiga R, Sasatani M, Kamiya K, Ushiyama A.
Title Radiation affects glutathione redox reaction by reduced glutathione peroxidase activity in human fibroblasts.
Journal J Radiat Res
Abstract The glutathione (GSH) redox control is critical to maintain redox balance in the body's internal environment, and its perturbation leads to a dramatic increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and oxidative stress which have negative impacts on human health. Although ionizing radiation increases mitochondrial ROS generation, the mechanisms underlying radiation-induced late ROS accumulation are not fully understood. Here we investigated the radiation effect on GSH redox reactions in normal human diploid lung fibroblasts TIG-3 and MRC-5. Superoxide anion probe MitoSOX-red staining and measurement of GSH peroxidase (GPx) activity revealed that high dose single-radiation (SR) exposure (10 Gy) increased mitochondrial ROS generation and overall oxidative stress in parallel with decrease in GSH peroxidase (GPx) activity, while GSH redox control was effective after exposure to moderate doses under standard serum conditions. We used different serum conditions to elucidate the role of serum on GSH redox reaction. Serum starvation, serum deprivation and DNA damage response (DDR) inhibitors-treatment reduced the GPx activity and increased mitochondrial ROS generation regardless of radiation exposure. Fractionated-radiation was used to evaluate the radiation effect on GSH reactions. Repeated fractionated-radiation induced prolonged oxidative stress by down-regulation of GPx activity. In conclusion, radiation affects GSH usage according to radiation dose, irradiation methods and serum concentration. Radiation affected the GPx activity to disrupt fibroblast redox homeostasis.
Published 2021-12-31
DOI 10.1093/jrr/rrab122
PII 6491357
PMID 34977941
Human and Animal Cells TIG-3(RCB4468) MRC-5(RCB0218)