RRC ID 69372
Author Sudo K, Yamazaki S, Wilkinson AC, Nakauchi H, Nakamura Y.
Title Polyvinyl alcohol hydrolysis rate and molecular weight influence human and murine HSC activity ex vivo.
Journal Stem Cell Res
Abstract Ex vivo expansion of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) is one of the most promising strategies to increase the availability of transplantable HSCs and improve bone marrow transplantation outcomes. We recently demonstrated that mouse HSCs could be efficiently expanded in polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)-containing culture medium using only recombinant stem cell factor and thrombopoietin cytokines. However, the behavior of human HSCs in these simple PVA-based media was not fully elucidated. In this study, we analyzed the compatibility of PVA of different hydrolysis rates (HR) and molecular weights (MW) to support functional human and mouse HSCs ex vivo. Human and mouse HSCs proliferated more frequently in media containing PVA with lower HR than with higher HR, but both PVA types supported HSC multilineage reconstitution potential. Importantly, human HSCs cultured in PVA-containing media engrafted not only in irradiated recipients but also in non-irradiated recipients. Our results demonstrate that human HSCs can be maintained ex vivo using PVA-based culture systems and suggest approaches for future optimization of human HSC expansion.
Volume 56
Pages 102531
Published 2021-10-1
DOI 10.1016/j.scr.2021.102531
PII S1873-5061(21)00378-0
PMID 34509158
PMC PMC8629160
MeSH Animals Cells, Cultured Cytokines Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation* Hematopoietic Stem Cells Humans Hydrolysis Mice Molecular Weight Polyvinyl Alcohol*
IF 4.495
Cord blood stem cells for research