RRC ID 71775
Author Machitani M, Sakurai F, Wakabayashi K, Nakatani K, Tachibana M, Mizuguchi H.
Title MicroRNA miR-27 Inhibits Adenovirus Infection by Suppressing the Expression of SNAP25 and TXN2.
Journal J Virol
Abstract Recent studies have reported that host microRNAs (miRNAs) regulate infections by several types of viruses via various mechanisms and that inhibition of the miRNA processing factors enhances or prevents viral infection. However, it has not been clarified whether these effects of miRNAs extend to adenovirus (Ad) infection. Here we show that miR-27a and -b efficiently inhibit infection with an Ad via the downregulation of SNAP25 and TXN2, which are members of the SNARE proteins and the thioredoxin family, respectively. Approximately 80% reductions in Ad genomic copy number were found in cells transfected with miR-27a/b mimics, whereas there were approximately 2.5- to 5-fold larger copy numbers of the Ad genome following transfection with miR-27a/b inhibitors. Microarray gene expression analysis and in silico analysis demonstrated that SNAP25 and TXN2 are target genes of miR-27a/b. A reporter assay using plasmids containing the 3' untranslated regions of the SNAP25 and TXN2 genes showed that miR-27a/b directly suppressed SNAP25 and TXN2 expression through posttranscriptional gene silencing. Knockdown of SNAP25 led to a significant inhibition of Ad entry into cells. Knockdown of TXN2 induced cell cycle arrest at G1 phase, leading to a reduction in Ad replication. In addition, overexpression of Ad-encoded small noncoding RNAs (VA-RNAs) restored the miR-27a/b-mediated reduction in infection level with a VA-RNA-lacking Ad mutant due to the VA-RNA-mediated inhibition of miR-27a/b expression. These results indicate that miR-27a and -b suppress SNAP25 and TXN2 expression via posttranscriptional gene silencing, leading to efficient suppression of Ad infection.IMPORTANCE Adenovirus (Ad) is widely used as a platform for replication-incompetent Ad vectors (Adv) and replication-competent oncolytic Ad (OAd) in gene therapy and virotherapy. Regulation of Ad infection is highly important for efficient gene therapies using both Adv and OAd. In this study, we demonstrate that miR-27a and -b, which are widely expressed in host cells, suppress SNAP25 and TXN2 expression through posttranscriptional gene silencing. Suppression of SNAP25 and TXN2 expression leads to inhibition of Ad entry into cells and to cell cycle arrest, respectively, leading to efficient suppression of Ad infection. Our findings provide important clues to the improvement of gene therapies using both Adv and OAd.
Volume 91(12)
Published 2017-6-15
DOI 10.1128/JVI.00159-17
PII JVI.00159-17
PMID 28356525
PMC PMC5446650
MeSH Cell Proliferation Computer Simulation Down-Regulation Gene Dosage Gene Knockdown Techniques Genetic Vectors / genetics HeLa Cells Humans MicroRNAs / genetics* Microarray Analysis Mitochondrial Proteins / genetics* RNA Interference* RNA, Small Untranslated Synaptosomal-Associated Protein 25 / genetics* Thioredoxins / genetics* Transfection
IF 4.501
Human and Animal Cells HeLa(RCB0007) HeLa/Fucci(RCB2812)