RRC ID 76231
Author Ma MY, Xia J, Shu KX, Niu DK.
Title Intron losses and gains in the nematodes.
Journal Biol Direct
Abstract BACKGROUND:The evolution of spliceosomal introns has been widely studied among various eukaryotic groups. Researchers nearly reached the consensuses on the pattern and the mechanisms of intron losses and gains across eukaryotes. However, according to previous studies that analyzed a few genes or genomes, Nematoda seems to be an eccentric group.
RESULTS:Taking advantage of the recent accumulation of sequenced genomes, we extensively analyzed the intron losses and gains using 104 nematode genomes across all the five Clades of the phylum. Nematodes have a wide range of intron density, from less than one to more than nine per kbp coding sequence. The rates of intron losses and gains exhibit significant heterogeneity both across different nematode lineages and across different evolutionary stages of the same lineage. The frequency of intron losses far exceeds that of intron gains. Five pieces of evidence supporting the model of cDNA-mediated intron loss have been observed in ten Caenorhabditis species, the dominance of the precise intron losses, frequent loss of adjacent introns, high-level expression of the intron-lost genes, preferential losses of short introns, and the preferential losses of introns close to 3'-ends of genes. Like studies in most eukaryotic groups, we cannot find the source sequences for the limited number of intron gains detected in the Caenorhabditis genomes.
CONCLUSIONS:These results indicate that nematodes are a typical eukaryotic group rather than an outlier in intron evolution.
Volume 17(1)
Pages 13
Published 2022-6-5
DOI 10.1186/s13062-022-00328-8
PII 10.1186/s13062-022-00328-8
PMID 35659725
PMC PMC9169325
MeSH Animals Base Sequence Eukaryota / genetics Evolution, Molecular Introns Nematoda* / genetics Phylogeny Spliceosomes / genetics