RRC ID 78625
Author Yogo A, Masui T, Takaishi S, Masuo K, Chen R, Kasai Y, Nagai K, Anazawa T, Watanabe S, Sakamoto S, Watanabe A, Inagaki R, Nakagawa MM, Ogawa S, Seno H, Uemoto S, Hatano E.
Title Inhibition of dopamine receptor D1 signaling promotes human bile duct cancer progression via WNT signaling.
Journal Cancer Sci
Abstract Bile duct cancer (BDC) frequently invades the nerve fibers, making complete surgical resection difficult. A single tumor mass contains cells of variable malignancy and cell-differentiation states, with cancer stem cells (CSCs) considered responsible for poor clinical outcomes. This study aimed to investigate the contribution of autosynthesized dopamine to CSC-related properties in BDC. Sphere formation assays using 13 commercially available BDC cell lines demonstrated that blocking dopamine receptor D1 (DRD1) signaling promoted CSC-related anchorage-independent growth. Additionally, we newly established four new BDC patient-derived organoids (PDOs) and found that blocking DRD1 increased resistance to chemotherapy and enabled xenotransplantation in vivo. Single-cell analysis revealed that the BDC PDO cells varied in their cell-differentiation states and responses to dopamine signaling. Further, DRD1 inhibition increased WNT7B expression in cells with bile duct-like phenotype, and it induced proliferation of other cell types expressing Wnt receptors and stem cell-like signatures. Reagents that inhibited Wnt function canceled the effect of DRD1 inhibition and reduced cell proliferation in BDC PDOs. In summary, in BDCs, DRD1 is a crucial protein involved in autonomous CSC proliferation through the regulation of endogenous WNT7B. As such, inhibition of the DRD1 feedback signaling may be a potential treatment strategy for BDC.
Volume 114(4)
Pages 1324-1336
Published 2023-4-1
DOI 10.1111/cas.15676
PMID 36441110
PMC PMC10067401
MeSH Bile Duct Neoplasms* / pathology Dopamine Humans Phenotype Receptors, Dopamine / genetics Wnt Signaling Pathway*
Human and Animal Cells TFK-1(RCB2537) G-415(RCB2640)