RRC ID 79043
Author Ozoe Y, Nakao T, Kondo S, Yoshioka Y, Ozoe F, Banba S.
Title Knock-in mutagenesis in Drosophila Rdl underscores the critical role of the conserved M3 glycine in mediating the actions of broflanilide and isocycloseram on GABA receptors.
Journal Pestic Biochem Physiol
Abstract γ-Aminobutyric acid receptors (GABARs) are crucial targets for pest control chemicals, including meta-diamide and isoxazoline insecticides, which act as negative allosteric modulators of insect GABARs. Previous cell-based assays have indicated that amino acid residues in the transmembrane cavity between adjacent subunits of Drosophila RDL GABAR (i.e., Ile276, Leu280, and Gly335) are involved in mediating the action of meta-diamides. In this study, to confirm this result at the organismal level, we employed CRISPR/Cas9-mediated genome editing, generated six transgenic Drosophila strains carrying substitutions in these amino acid residues, and investigated their sensitivity to broflanilide and isocycloseram. Flies homozygous for the I276F mutation did not exhibit any change in sensitivity to the tested insecticides compared to the control flies. Conversely, I276C homozygosity was lethal, and heterozygous flies exhibited ∼2-fold lower sensitivity to broflanilide than the control flies. Flies homozygous for the L280C mutation survived into adulthood but exhibited infertility. Both heterozygous and homozygous L280C flies exhibited ∼3- and ∼20-fold lower sensitivities to broflanilide and isocycloseram, respectively, than the control flies. The reduction in sensitivity to isocycloseram in L280C flies diminished to ∼3-fold when treated with piperonyl butoxide. Flies homozygous for the G335A mutation reached the adult stage. However, they were sterile, had small bodies, and exhibited reduced locomotion, indicating the critical role of Gly335 in RDL function. These flies exhibited markedly increased tolerance to topically applied broflanilide and isocycloseram, demonstrating that the conserved Gly335 is the target of the insecticidal actions of broflanilide and isocycloseram. Considering the significant fitness costs, the Gly335 mutation may not pose a serious risk for the development of resistance in field populations of insect pests. However, more careful studies using insect pests are needed to investigate whether our perspective applies to resistance development under field conditions.
Volume 199
Pages 105776
Published 2024-2-1
DOI 10.1016/j.pestbp.2024.105776
PII S0048-3575(24)00009-9
PMID 38458683
MeSH Animals Benzamides* Drosophila / genetics Drosophila / metabolism Drosophila Proteins* / genetics Drosophila Proteins* / metabolism Fluorocarbons* Glycine / pharmacology Insecticide Resistance / genetics Insecticides* / chemistry Insecticides* / pharmacology Mutagenesis Receptors, GABA / genetics Receptors, GABA / metabolism Receptors, GABA-A / genetics
Drosophila DGRC#115636