RRC ID 79370
Author Lu H, Sun Y, Wang X, Lu Z, Zhu J.
Title Transcriptomics reveal the antibiofilm mechanism of NaCl combined with citral against Vibrio parahaemolyticus.
Journal Appl Microbiol Biotechnol
Abstract Vibrio parahaemolyticus (VP) as a prominent foodborne pathogen in seafood generally adheres to various surfaces and forms biofilms in the processing of aquatic products. The study aimed to elucidate the inhibitory efficacy and potential mechanism of salinity (NaCl) or it combined with citral against the biofilm formation of VP. Three VP strains formed the most biofilm at 1.0% NaCl, and their biofilms gradually declined with the increase of NaCl concentration. Compared with 1% NaCl, applying 3% and 5% NaCl or NaCl in combination with citral at 10-40 µg/mL significantly reduced biofilm biomass, cellular activity, and viable cells, as well as extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) and cell surface hydrophobicity. Sparser and thinner VP biofilm with large dead cells were observed under the combined treatment, in contrast to the dense architectures of biofilm formed at 1% NaCl. Although VP exhibited the strongest swimming and swarming ability at 3% NaCl, the two motilities were both significantly reduced by citral for all three salinities. Transcriptomic profiling revealed that, compared with 1% NaCl (Con), the two treatments consisting of 3% NaCl (Sal3) and it combined with 40 µg/mL citral (Com) drastically altered gene expression patterns in VP biofilm cells, resulting in 1196 and 1304 differentially expressed genes, respectively. The treatment of Com group altered the transcription of various genes related to chemotaxis, flagellar assembly, EPS synthesis, LuxS and CqsA-mediated quorum sensing, and c-di-GMP, which might interfere with biofilm development of VP. Our findings provided novel insights into the combined regulatory mechanism of high salinity and citral for antibiofilm formation in VP. KEY POINTS: • High salinity enhanced the antibiofilm efficacy of citral against Vibrio parahaemolyticus. • Combined treatment downregulated the expression of exopolysaccharide synthesis genes. • A total of 3% NaCl and combined treatments interfered with signaling pathways of QS and c-di-GMP.
Volume 107(1)
Pages 313-326
Published 2023-1-1
DOI 10.1007/s00253-022-12286-2
PII 10.1007/s00253-022-12286-2
PMID 36414759
MeSH Biofilms Quorum Sensing / genetics Sodium Chloride / pharmacology Transcriptome Vibrio parahaemolyticus* / genetics
IF 3.53
Pathogenic bacteria V. parahaemolyticus