RRC ID 79492
Author Shigaki S, Ando N, Sakurai T, Kurabayashi D.
Title Analysis of Odor-Tracking Performance of Silk Moth Using a Sensory-Motor Intervention System.
Journal Integr Comp Biol
Abstract Animals can adaptively behave in different environmental conditions by converting environmental information obtained from their sensory organs into actions. This sensory-motor integration enables the accomplishment of various tasks and is essential for animal survival. This sensory-motor integration also plays an important role in localization to females, relying on sex pheromones floating in space. In this study, we focused on the localization behavior of the adult male silk moth, Bombyx mori. We investigated sensory-motor integration against time delay using odor plume tracking performance as an index when we set a certain time delay for the sensory and motor responses. Given that it is difficult to directly intervene in the sensory and motor functions of the silk moth, we constructed an intervention system based on a mobile behavior measurement system controlled by them. Using this intervention system, not only can timing the detection of the odor in the environment and timing the presentation of the odor to the silk moth be manipulated, but timing the reflection of the movement of the silk moth can also be manipulated. We analyzed the extent to which the localization strategy of the silk moth could tolerate sensory delays by setting a delay to the odor presentation. We also evaluated behavioral compensation by odor sensory feedback by setting a delay to the motor. The results of the localization experiment have shown that the localization success rate did not decrease when there was a motor delay. However, when there was a sensory delay, the success rate decreased depending on the time delay. Analysis of the change in behavior after detection of the odor stimulus has shown that the movement was more linear when we set a motor delay. However, the movement was accompanied by a large rotational movement when there was a delay in the sensory input. This result has suggested that behavior is compensated for the delay in motor function by feedback control of odor sensation, but not when accompanied by sensory delay. To compensate for this, the silk moth may acquire appropriate information from the environment by making large body movements.
Volume 63(2)
Pages 343-355
Published 2023-8-23
DOI 10.1093/icb/icad055
PII 7191257
PMID 37280186
MeSH Animals Behavior, Animal Bombyx* / physiology Female Male Odorants Sex Attractants* Smell / physiology