RRC ID 80687
Author Taniguchi S, Nakayama S, Iguchi R, Sasakura Y, Satake H, Wada S, Suzuki N, Ogasawara M, Sekiguchi T.
Title Distribution of cionin, a cholecystokinin/gastrin family peptide, and its receptor in the central nervous system of Ciona intestinalis type A.
Journal Sci Rep
Abstract The cholecystokinin (CCK)/gastrin family peptides are involved in regulation of feeding and digestion in vertebrates. In the ascidian Ciona intestinalis type A (Ciona robusta), cionin, a CCK/gastrin family peptide, has been identified. Cionin is expressed exclusively in the central nervous system (CNS). In contrast, cionin receptor expression has been detected in the CNS, digestive tract, and ovary. Although cionin has been reported to be involved in ovulation, its physiological function in the CNS remains to be investigated. To elucidate its neural function, in the present study, we analyzed the expression of cionin and cionin receptors in the CNS. Cionin was expressed mainly in neurons residing in the anterior region of the cerebral ganglion. In contrast, the gene expressin of the cionin receptor gene CioR1, was detected in the middle part of the cerebral ganglion and showed a similar expression pattern to that of VACHT, a cholinergic neuron marker gene. Moreover, CioR1 was found to be expressed in cholinergic neurons. Consequently, these results suggest that cionin interacts with cholinergic neurons as a neurotransmitter or neuromodulator via CioR1. This study provides insights into a biological role of a CCK/gastrin family peptide in the CNS of ascidians.
Volume 14(1)
Pages 6277
Published 2024-3-15
DOI 10.1038/s41598-024-55908-7
PII 10.1038/s41598-024-55908-7
PMID 38491056
PMC PMC10942981
MeSH Amino Acid Sequence Animals Central Nervous System Cholecystokinin* / genetics Cholecystokinin* / metabolism Ciona intestinalis* / genetics Ciona intestinalis* / metabolism Female Gastrins Neuropeptides*
C.intestinalis / (O.japonicus) Wild C. int