Reference - Detail
|Author||Miyazawa K, Mori A, Okudaira H.|
|Title||IL-6 synthesis by rheumatoid synoviocytes is autonomously upregulated at the transcriptional level.|
|Journal||J. Allergy Clin. Immunol.|
BACKGROUND:Involvement of IL-6 in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis has recently been demonstrated, but the mechanism of its production by rheumatoid synoviocytes is still poorly defined.
OBJECTIVE:The purpose of this study was to clarify the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in the spontaneous production of IL-6 by fibroblast-like synoviocytes obtained from patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
METHODS:Cloned synoviocytes were established by the limiting dilution method. IL-6 synthesis was evaluated by ELISA and Northern blot analysis. IL-6 gene transcription and transcription factors were analyzed by the transient transfection of luciferase reporter plasmids and the electrophoretic mobility shift assay, respectively.
RESULTS:IL-6 synthesis by cloned rheumatoid synoviocytes was spontaneously upregulated at the transcriptional level. Enhanced IL-6 production by high-producing clones was independent of cytokines from other cell populations or autocrine production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and IL-1. Deletion analysis showed that the IL-6 promoter was regulated by 2 positive elements (-159 to -142 base pair and -77 to -59 base pair). The transcriptional activity of the latter element was upregulated in clones showing high IL-6 production. The binding activity of NF-kappaB p50/p65 heterodimer and RBP-Jkappa was enhanced in these clones.
CONCLUSION:IL-6 production by rheumatoid synoviocytes is autonomously upregulated at the transcriptional level and spontaneous activation of NF-kappaB and RBP-Jkappa seems to be involved.
|Volume||103(5 Pt 2)|
|MeSH||Arthritis, Rheumatoid / metabolism* Clone Cells Electrophoresis Fibroblasts / cytology Humans Interleukin-6 / biosynthesis* Interleukin-6 / genetics Interleukin-6 / physiology Osteoarthritis / metabolism Synovial Membrane / cytology* Synovial Membrane / metabolism Transcription, Genetic Up-Regulation|
|WOS Category||ALLERGY IMMUNOLOGY|
|DNA material||pGEMhIL-6 GT Human IL-6 genomic clone (RDB01211)|