RRC ID 17588
Author Sun W, Yu H, Shen Y, Banno Y, Xiang Z, Zhang Z.
Title Phylogeny and evolutionary history of the silkworm.
Journal Sci China Life Sci
Abstract The silkworm, Bombyx mori, played an important role in the old Silk Road that connected ancient Asia and Europe. However, to date, there have been few studies of the origins and domestication of this species using molecular methods. In this study, DNA sequences of mitochondrial and nuclear loci were used to infer the phylogeny and evolutionary history of the domesticated silkworm and its relatives. All of the phylogenetic analyses indicated a close relationship between the domesticated silkworm and the Chinese wild silkworm. Domestication was estimated to have occurred about 4100 years ago (ya), and the radiation of the different geographic strains of B. mori about 2000 ya. The Chinese wild silkworm and the Japanese wild silkworm split about 23600 ya. These estimates are in good agreement with the fossil evidence and historical records. In addition, we show that the domesticated silkworm experienced a population expansion around 1000 ya. The divergence times and the population dynamics of silkworms presented in this study will be useful for studies of lepidopteran phylogenetics, in the genetic analysis of domestic animals, and for understanding the spread of human civilizations.
Volume 55(6)
Pages 483-96
Published 2012-6-1
DOI 10.1007/s11427-012-4334-7
PMID 22744178
MeSH Animals Asia Bombyx / classification Bombyx / genetics* Cell Nucleus / genetics China DNA, Mitochondrial / chemistry DNA, Mitochondrial / genetics Electron Transport Complex IV / genetics Europe Evolution, Molecular* Genetic Variation Haplotypes Insect Proteins / classification Insect Proteins / genetics* Models, Genetic Molecular Sequence Data Period Circadian Proteins / genetics Phylogeny* Sequence Analysis, DNA Silk Species Specificity Time Factors Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase / genetics
IF 4.611
Times Cited 31