The anti-tumor properties of novel derivatives prepared from Aconitum C(20)-diterpenoid alkaloid, which show the least toxicity among the Aconitum alkaloids, were investigated in the Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma cell line Raji cells. Two novel Aconitum C(20)-diterpenoid alkaloid derivatives, 11-m-Trifluorometylbenzoyl (Mb)-pseudokobuisne and 11-Anisoyl (As)-pseudokobusine, showed significant suppressive effects and their 50% inhibitory concentrations were 2.2 μg/ml and 2.4 μg/ml against Raji cells, respectively. Both compounds have the same structure except for a functional group in the C-11 position. One of the active compounds, 11-Mb-pseudokobusine, clearly inhibited the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase, induced enhanced phosphoinositide 3 kinase phosphorylation and led to the subsequent accumulation of G1 and/or sub G1 phase in Raji cells. In addition, no significant suppressive effects on the growth of human CD34(+) hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPC) were observed by 11-Mb-pseudokobusine which showed a strong suppressive activity on the growth of Raji cells, whereas 11-As-pseudokobusine also a showed significantly suppressive effect on the growth of HSPC. Therefore, the atisine type structure characteristic of C(20)-diterpenoid alkaloids plays a very important role in the pharmacological properties. In particular, the C-11 residues are an important component for the anti-tumor properties and for the lower toxicity to hematopoiesis.