Watari K, Nakamura M, Fukunaga Y, Furuno A, Shibata T, Kawahara A, Hosoi F, Kuwano T, Kuwano M, Ono M.
Development of a novel type of angiogenesis inhibitor will be essential for further improvement of therapeutics against cancer patients. We examined whether an octahydronaphthalene derivative, AMF-26, which was screened as an inhibitor of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) production stimulated by inflammatory stimuli in vascular endothelial cells, could block angiogenesis in response to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and/or inflammatory cytokines. Low dose AMF-26 effectively inhibited the tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)- or the interleukin-1β (IL-1β)-induced production of ICAM-1 in human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs). We found that the TNF-α-induced phosphorylation of nuclear factor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B-cells inhibitor, alpha (IκBα) and nuclear translocation of p65 were impaired by AMF-26 in both endothelial cells and cancer cells. AMF-26 was found to inhibit the phosphorylation of VEGF receptor 1 (VEGFR1), VEGFR2 and the downstream signaling molecules Akt, extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)1/2 stimulated by VEGF in HUVECs. Therefore, the VEGF-induced proliferation, migration and tube formation of vascular endothelial cells was highly susceptible to inhibition by AMF-26. Oral administration of AMF-26 significantly blocked VEGF- or IL-1β-induced angiogenesis in the mouse cornea, and also tumor angiogenesis and growth. Together, our results indicate that AMF-26 inhibits angiogenesis through suppression of both VEGFR1/2 and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathways when stimulated by VEGF or inflammatory cytokines. AMF-26 could be a promising novel candidate drug for cancer treatments.