RRC ID 2027
Author Yazawa M, Setoguchi A, Hong SH, Uyama R, Nakagawa T, Kanaya N, Nishimura R, Sasaki N, Masuda K, Ohno K, Tsujimoto H.
Title Effect of an adenoviral vector that expresses the canine p53 gene on cell growth of canine osteosarcoma and mammary adenocarcinoma cell lines.
Journal Am J Vet Res
Abstract OBJECTIVE:To generate an adenoviral vector that expressed the canine p53 gene and investigate its growth-inhibiting effect on canine osteosarcoma and mammary adenocarcinoma cell lines.
SAMPLE POPULATION:2 canine osteosarcoma cell lines (HOS, OOS) and 3 canine mammary adenocarcinoma cell lines (CHMp, CIPm, and CNMm).
PROCEDURE:An adenoviral vector that expressed the canine p53 gene (AxCA-cp53) was generated. p53 gene expression was examined by use of reverse transcription (RT)-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay and immunohistochemistry. Susceptibility of cell lines to the adenoviral vector was determined by infection with an adenoviral vector that expresses beta-galactosidase (AxCA-LacZ) and 3-indolyl-beta-D-galactopyranoside staining. Growth inhibitory effects were examined by monitoring the numbers of cells after infection with mock (PBS) solution, AxCA-LacZ, or AxCA-cp53. The DNA contents per cell were measured by flow cytometry analysis. Apoptotic DNA fragmentation was detected by use of a terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end-labeling assay.
RESULTS:AxCA-cp53-derived p53 gene mRNA and P53 protein were detected by RT-PCR analysis and immunohistochemistry, respectively. Multiplicity of infection at which 50% of cells had positive 3-indolyl-beta-D-galactopyranoside staining results ranged from 10 to 50. AxCA-cp53 induced growth inhibition in a dose-dependent manner. Arrest of the G1-phase population and apoptotic DNA fragmentation were observed in cells infected with AxCA-cp53.
CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE:AxCA-cp53 inhibits cell growth via induction of cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in canine osteosarcoma and mammary adenocarcinoma cell lines that lack a functional p53 gene. AxCA-cp53 may be useful to target the p53 gene in the treatment of dogs with tumors.
Volume 64(7)
Pages 880-8
Published 2003-7-1
DOI 10.2460/ajvr.2003.64.880
PMID 12856773
MeSH Adenocarcinoma / genetics Adenocarcinoma / pathology* Adenocarcinoma / veterinary Adenoviridae / genetics* Animals Apoptosis Cell Cycle Cell Division Dogs Female Gene Expression Genes, p53 / genetics* Mammary Neoplasms, Animal / genetics Mammary Neoplasms, Animal / pathology* Osteosarcoma / genetics Osteosarcoma / pathology* Osteosarcoma / veterinary Tumor Cells, Cultured Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / genetics Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism
IF 0.811
Times Cited 6
DNA material AxCALacZ (RDB1745)