Reference - Detail
|Author||Pendse J, Ramachandran PV, Na J, Narisu N, Fink JL, Cagan RL, Collins FS, Baranski TJ.|
|Title||A Drosophila functional evaluation of candidates from human genome-wide association studies of type 2 diabetes and related metabolic traits identifies tissue-specific roles for dHHEX.|
BACKGROUND:Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) identify regions of the genome that are associated with particular traits, but do not typically identify specific causative genetic elements. For example, while a large number of single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and related traits have been identified by human GWAS, only a few genes have functional evidence to support or to rule out a role in cellular metabolism or dietary interactions. Here, we use a recently developed Drosophila model in which high-sucrose feeding induces phenotypes similar to T2D to assess orthologs of human GWAS-identified candidate genes for risk of T2D and related traits.
RESULTS:Disrupting orthologs of certain T2D candidate genes (HHEX, THADA, PPARG, KCNJ11) led to sucrose-dependent toxicity. Tissue-specific knockdown of the HHEX ortholog dHHEX (CG7056) directed metabolic defects and enhanced lethality; for example, fat-body-specific loss of dHHEX led to increased hemolymph glucose and reduced insulin sensitivity.
CONCLUSION:Candidate genes identified in human genetic studies of metabolic traits can be prioritized and functionally characterized using a simple Drosophila approach. To our knowledge, this is the first large-scale effort to study the functional interaction between GWAS-identified candidate genes and an environmental risk factor such as diet in a model organism system.
|MeSH||Animals Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / genetics* Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / metabolism Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / pathology Drosophila Proteins / genetics* Drosophila melanogaster / genetics Drosophila melanogaster / metabolism Fat Body / metabolism Fat Body / pathology Genetic Association Studies Genetic Predisposition to Disease Genome-Wide Association Study* Glucose / genetics Glucose / metabolism Homeodomain Proteins / genetics* Humans Insulin Resistance / genetics Muscle Proteins / genetics* Organ Specificity Phenotype Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide Transcription Factors / genetics*|
|WOS Category||BIOTECHNOLOGY & APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY GENETICS & HEREDITY|