The tetracycline resistance transposon Tn10 was inserted into the E. coli chromosome near mglB550, a structural gene for the galactose-binding protein. P1 transductions established the position of these Tn10 insertions (zee-700, 701, 702::Tn10) close to the genes ptsF, fpk, cdd, mglB550, his, and gatA with 85%-95%, 85%, 36%, 20%-40%, 12%-15%, and 0.5% cotransduction frequency. Three factor crosses revealed the relative sequence of the genes as: mglB550, zee-700::Tn10, ptsF, fpk, cdd, his, gatA was found to be 1.3% cotransducible with mglB550. Two Tn10 insertions near gatA were isolated and characterized. One, zef-704::Tn10, was 3% cotransducible with fpk, 8% with mglB550, and 42% with gatA. The other, zef-703::Tn10, was 98% cotransducible with gatA but not with mglB550 or fpk. Neither of these two Tn10 insertions was cotransducible with cdd. Four factor crosses revealed the sequence gatA, zef-704::Tn10, mglB550, fpk. Neither zee-700::Tn10 nor zef-703::Tn10 showed an (0/300) cotransduction with either glpT or gyrA. The clockwise order of genes is then: his, cdd, fpk, ptsF, zee-700::Tn10, mglB550, zef-704::Tn10, gatA. With a fix-point for his at 44 min, fpk would be placed at 45 min and mglB550 at 45.5 min. During the course of this work we noticed that the cotransduction frequency between Tn10 insertions and nearby markers tended to increase when new P1 lysates were prepared from freshly reisolated strains. This may indicate loss of nonessential genes adjacent to Tn10 insertions. Using insertion zee-703::Tn10, we isolated deletions extending into an mgl gene other than mglB. Crosses between such a deletion mutant and an mglB550 mutant were done. The analysis of the periplasmic proteins of these as well as other transductants or recombinants involving the mglB550 or the mglB551 gene revealed the existence of strains synthesizing both the wild-type as well as the corresponding mutant protein. Strains containing both proteins exhibit either wild-type or mutant phenotype. These strains appeared unstable. Upon reisolation from purified stock cultures kept in glycerol at -20 degrees C, colonies could be isolated that carried only mutant or wild-type protein.