RRC ID 33281
Author Serikawa T, Mashimo T, Kuramoro T, Voigt B, Ohno Y, Sasa M.
Title Advances on genetic rat models of epilepsy.
Journal Exp Anim
Abstract Considering the suitability of laboratory rats in epilepsy research, we and other groups have been developing genetic models of epilepsy in this species. After epileptic rats or seizure-susceptible rats were sporadically found in outbred stocks, the epileptic traits were usually genetically-fixed by selective breeding. So far, the absence seizure models GAERS and WAG/Rij, audiogenic seizure models GEPR-3 and GEPR-9, generalized tonic-clonic seizure models IER, NER and WER, and Canavan-disease related epileptic models TRM and SER have been established. Dissection of the genetic bases including causative genes in these epileptic rat models would be a significant step toward understanding epileptogenesis. N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU) mutagenesis provides a systematic approach which allowed us to develop two novel epileptic rat models: heat-induced seizure susceptible (Hiss) rats with an Scn1a missense mutation and autosomal dominant lateral temporal epilepsy (ADLTE) model rats with an Lgi1 missense mutation. In addition, we have established episodic ataxia type 1 (EA1) model rats with a Kcna1 missense mutation derived from the ENU-induced rat mutant stock, and identified a Cacna1a missense mutation in a N-Methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU)-induced mutant rat strain GRY, resulting in the discovery of episodic ataxia type 2 (EA2) model rats. Thus, epileptic rat models have been established on the two paths: 'phenotype to gene' and 'gene to phenotype'. In the near future, development of novel epileptic rat models will be extensively promoted by the use of sophisticated genome editing technologies.
Volume 64(1)
Pages 1-7
Published 2015-1-1
DOI 10.1538/expanim.14-0066
PII DN/JST.JSTAGE/expanim/14-0066
PMID 25312505
PMC PMC4329510
MeSH Animals Disease Models, Animal* Epilepsy* Ethylnitrosourea Genetic Engineering / methods* Genetic Engineering / trends* Genetic Predisposition to Disease / genetics* Genome / genetics Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins Kv1.1 Potassium Channel / genetics Models, Genetic* Mutagenesis / genetics* Mutation, Missense NAV1.1 Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel / genetics Phenotype Proteins / genetics Rats*
IF 1.574
Times Cited 16
Rats GAERS/Mave(strainID=557) WAG/Rij(strainID=14) IER/Ihr(strainID=732) NER/Kyo(strainID=26) SER/Kyo(strainID=28) TRM/Kyo(strainID=11) GRY/Idr(strainID=498) F344-Adms/Kyo(strainID=724) F344-Lgi1m1kyo(strainID=1036) F344-Scn1am1Kyo(strainID=716)