RRC ID 33306
Author Hata K, Mizukami H, Sadakane O, Watakabe A, Ohtsuka M, Takaji M, Kinoshita M, Isa T, Ozawa K, Yamamori T.
Title DNA methylation and methyl-binding proteins control differential gene expression in distinct cortical areas of macaque monkey.
Journal J. Neurosci.
Abstract Distinct anatomical regions of the neocortex subserve different sensory modalities and neuronal integration functions, but mechanisms for these regional specializations remain elusive. Involvement of epigenetic mechanisms for such specialization through the spatiotemporal regulation of gene expression is an intriguing possibility. Here we examined whether epigenetic mechanisms might play a role in the selective gene expression in the association areas (AAs) and the primary visual cortex (V1) in macaque neocortex. By analyzing the two types of area-selective gene promoters that we previously identified, we found a striking difference of DNA methylation between these promoters, i.e., hypermethylation in AA-selective gene promoters and hypomethylation in V1-selective ones. Methylation levels of promoters of each area-selective gene showed no areal difference, but a specific methyl-binding protein (MBD4) was enriched in the AAs, in correspondence with expression patterns of AA-selective genes. MBD4 expression was mainly observed in neurons. MBD4 specifically bound to and activated the AA-selective genes both in vitro and in vivo. Our results demonstrate that methylation in the promoters and specific methyl-binding proteins play an important role in the area-selective gene expression profiles in the primate neocortex.
Volume 33(50)
Pages 19704-14
Published 2013-12-11
DOI 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2355-13.2013
PII 33/50/19704
PMID 24336734
MeSH Animals Cerebral Cortex / metabolism* DNA Methylation Endodeoxyribonucleases / genetics Endodeoxyribonucleases / metabolism Epigenesis, Genetic* Female Gene Expression Regulation* Macaca fascicularis Macaca mulatta Male Neurons / metabolism Promoter Regions, Genetic
IF 6.074
Times Cited 5
Japanese macaques