RRC ID 41681
Author Oonuma M, Sunamura M, Motoi F, Fukuyama S, Shimamura H, Yamauchi J, Shibuya K, Egawa S, Hamada H, Takeda K, Matsuno S.
Title Gene therapy for intraperitoneally disseminated pancreatic cancers by Escherichia coli uracil phosphoribosiltransferase (UPRT) gene mediated by restricted replication-competent adenoviral vectors.
Journal Int J Cancer
Abstract Although patients with unresectable pancreatic tumors have been treated with 5-fluorouracil (5FU)-based combination chemotherapy, the drug resistance of cancer cells presents a crucial therapeutic problem. It was reported that UPRT overcomes 5FU resistance. UPRT catalyzes the synthesis of 5-fluorouridine monophosphate (FUMP) from Uracil and phosphoribosylpyrophosphate (PRPP). The antitumor effect of 5FU is enhanced by augmenting 5-fluorodeoxyuridine monophosphate (FdUMP) converted from FUMP, which inhibits thymidylate synthetase (TS). We first demonstrated that injecting an E1-deficient adenoviral vector (Adv) expressing UPRT (AxCAUPRT) followed by 5-FU treatment resulted in a volume reduction of xenotransplanted human tumors. In examining the therapeutic effect of AxCAUPRT/5-FU against peritoneal dissemination, we found that non-selective gene transduction of AxCAUPRT caused severe adverse effects arising from the increase of F-dUMP in normal intestine. Because the therapeutic gene delivered by a restricted replication-competent Adv lacking 55 kDa E1B protein (AxE1AdB) is speculated to be expressed selectively in tumors, mice with established tumors were injected with AxE1AdB and E1-deleted Adv expressing the lacZ reporter gene (AxCAlacZ). The expression of the reporter gene (lacZ) was selectively enhanced in disseminated tumors. The therapeutic advantage of restricted replication competent Adv that expresses UPRT (AxE1AdB-UPRT) was evaluated in an intraperitoneal disseminated tumor model. To study the anti-tumor effect of AxE1AdB-UPRT/5FU, mice with disseminated AsPC-1 tumors were administered the Adv, followed by the 5FU treatment. It was shown that the treatment with AxE1AdB-UPRT/5FU caused a dramatic reduction of the disseminated tumor burden without toxicity in normal tissues. Our results showed that the AxE1AdB-UPRT/5FU system is a promising tool for intraperitoneal disseminated pancreatic cancer.
Volume 102(1)
Pages 51-9
Published 2002-11-1
DOI 10.1002/ijc.10650
PMID 12353234
MeSH Adenoviridae / genetics* Adenovirus E1B Proteins / genetics* Animals Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic / therapeutic use Cell Division Escherichia coli / enzymology* Fluorodeoxyuridylate / metabolism Fluorouracil / therapeutic use Genetic Therapy* Genetic Vectors Humans Immunoenzyme Techniques Injections, Intraperitoneal Lac Operon / physiology Male Mice Mice, SCID Neoplasm Transplantation Pancreatic Neoplasms / pathology Pancreatic Neoplasms / therapy* Pentosyltransferases / genetics* Recombination, Genetic Transduction, Genetic Tumor Cells, Cultured Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / genetics Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism Virus Replication beta-Galactosidase / metabolism
IF 4.982
Times Cited 16
Human and Animal Cells