Reference - Detail
|Author||Lee Y, Lee GK, Lee YS, Zhang W, Hwang JA, Nam BH, Kim SH, Kim JH, Yun T, Han JY, Kim HT, Lee JS.|
|Title||Clinical outcome according to the level of preexisting epidermal growth factor receptor T790M mutation in patients with lung cancer harboring sensitive epidermal growth factor receptor mutations.|
BACKGROUND:Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) T790M mutation drives acquired drug resistance to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) in patients with EGFR-mutant lung cancer. However, it was reported that this mutation may exist before drug exposure. The objective of the current study was to evaluate whether the clinical outcomes are affected by the percentage of preexisting T790M mutations within a tumor.
METHODS:Pretreatment tissues were collected from 124 patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer with sensitizing EGFR mutations that were detected by direct sequencing. Genotyping for EGFR T790M mutation was further performed using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Patients who were positive for the T790M mutation were divided to 2 subgroups according to T790M mutant signal frequency.
RESULTS:The T790M mutation was found in 31 patients (25.0%). The T790M mutation frequency at which the risk of disease progression after therapy with EGFR-TKIs begins to increase was estimated to be 3.2%. The patients with T790M-positive tumors had a shorter time to disease progression after treatment with EGFR-TKIs (median, 6.3 months vs 11.5 months; P < .001) and overall survival (median, 16.1 months vs 26.5 months; P = .065) compared with those with T790M-negative tumors. Among the T790M-positive patients, the patients with high T790M frequency (9 patients) were found to have a shorter time to disease progression (median, 2.4 months vs 6.7 months; P = .009) and overall survival (median, 9.1 months vs 18.7 months; P = .018) compared with those with low T790M frequency (22 patients).
CONCLUSIONS:A preexisting EGFR T790M mutation was noted in 25% of patients with EGFR-mutant lung cancer. Patients with a high T790M mutation frequency had worse clinical outcomes to EGFR-TKIs than patients with a low T790M mutation frequency.
|MeSH||Aged Aged, 80 and over Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use* Asian Continental Ancestry Group / genetics* Asian Continental Ancestry Group / statistics & numerical data Disease-Free Survival Drug Resistance, Neoplasm ErbB Receptors / genetics* Female Gefitinib Genotype Humans Kaplan-Meier Estimate Lung Neoplasms / genetics* Lung Neoplasms / pathology Male Methionine Middle Aged Mutation Neoplasm Staging Protein Kinase Inhibitors / therapeutic use* Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors* Quinazolines / administration & dosage Republic of Korea / epidemiology Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization Threonine Treatment Outcome Tumor Cells, Cultured|
|Human and Animal Cells|