The wild-type Japanese morning glory [Ipomoea nil (L.) Roth.] exhibits blue flowers with red stems, and spontaneous r mutants display white flowers with green stems. We have identified two r mutations, r1-1 and r1-2, that are caused by insertions of Tpn1-related DNA transposable elements, Tpn3 (5.6 kb) and Tpn6 (4.7 kb), respectively, into a unique intron of the CHS-D gene, which is responsible for flower and stem pigmentation. Both Tpn3 and Tpn6, which belong to the En/Spm or CACTA superfamily, are nonautonomous elements lacking transposase genes but containing unrelated cellular DNA segments including exons and introns. Interestingly, r1-2 contains an additional 4-bp insertion at the Tpn3 integration site in r1-1, presumably a footprint caused by the excision of Tpn3. The results strengthen the previous notion that Tpn1 and its relatives are major spontaneous mutagens for generating various floriculturally important traits in I. nil. Since I. nil has an extensive history of genetic studies, molecular identification of classical spontaneous mutations would also facilitate reinterpretation of the abundant classical genetic data available.